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Glossary of Kaplan's Root List

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Agnostic
one who questions the existence of God
ABhor
to hate, detest
ABdicate
to renounce or relinquish a throne
ABstruse
hard to understand; secret, hidden
ACerbic
sour or astringent in taste; harsh in temper
ACrid
sharp or biting to the taste or smell
ACrimonious
caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature
exACerbate
to increase bitterness or violence, aggravate
ProdigAL
wastefully or recklessly extravagant
pedAGogue
a teacher
ADdict
to give oneself over, as to a habit or pursuit
ALtruist
a person unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others
ALlegory
figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another
AMatory
of or pertaining to love or lovers
AMenity
agreeable ways or manners
AMicable
characterized by exhibiting good will
AMBient
moving freely, circulating
AMBush
the act of lying concealed so as to attack by surprise
perAMBulator
one who makes a tour of inspection on foot
AMBIguous
open to various interpretations
AMPHibian
any cold blooded vertebrate
ANIMus
hostile feeling or atitude
equANIMity
mental or emotional stability, especially under tension
magnANIMous
generous in forgibving an insult or injury
ANNUal
pertaining to a year
ANNUIty
a specified income payable at stated intervals
perENNIal
lasting for an indefinite amount of time
anteDILUVIAN
belonging to the period before the biblical flood; very old or very old-fashioned
misANTHROpe
one who hates humans or mankind
philANDERer
one who carries on flirtations
ANDRogynous
being both male and female
ANDRogen
any substance that promotes masculine characteristics
ANTHROpocentic
regarding man as the central fact of the universe
ANTIpathy
aersion
ANTIpodal
on the opposite side of the globe
APOcalypse
revelation; discovery; disclosure
APOgee
the highest or most distant point
APOcryphal
of doubtful authorship or authenticity
APOstasy
a total desertion of one's religion, principles, party, cause, etc.
ARCHenemy
chief enemy
monARCHY
a government in which the supteme power is lodged in a sovereign
anARCHY
a state or society without government or law
oligARCHY
a state or society ruled by a select group
AUTOcrat
an absolute ruler
BElie
to misrepresent; to contradict
BENevolent
desiring to do good to others
deCADent
decaying; deteriorating
reCIDivist
one who repeatedly relapses, as in crime
enCHANT
to subject to magical influence; bewitch
emanCIPate
to free from restraint
perCIPient
having perception; discerning; discriminating
preCEPT
a commandment or direction given as a rule of conduct
preCIPIce
a cliff with a vertical face
CAPITulate
to surrender unconditionaly or on stipulated terms
conCORD
agreement; peace, amity
conCORDance
agreement, concord, harmoy
CARNage
the slaughter of a great number of people
reinCARNation
rebirth of a sould in a new body
inCARNation
a being invested with a bodily form
ecCENTRic
off center
CENTRist
of or pertaining to moderate political or social ideas
CERTitude
freedom from doubt
CRITerion
a standard of judgment or criticism
anaCHRONism
an obsolete or archaic form
CHRONometer
a time piece with a mechanism to adjust for accuracy
CIRCUmambulate
to walk about or around
CIRCUitous
roundabout, indirect
inCISive
penetrating, cutting
CLOister
a courtyard bordered with covered walks, esp. in a religious institution
preCLUde
to prevent the presence, existence, or occurence of
proCLIvity
inclination, bias
disinCLInation
aversion, distaste
CONciliate
to placate, win over
inCURsion
a hostile entrance into a place, esp. suddenly
CURsory
going rapidly over something; hasty; superficial
acCREtion
an increase by natural growth
CREDo
any formula of belief
CREDulity
willingness to believe or trust too readily
inCULPate
to charge with fault
mea CULPa
through my fault; my fault
DOCile
easily managed or handled; tractable
diDACtic
intended for instruction
DEferential
respectful,; to yield in judgment
DIlatory
inclined to delay or procrastinate
DIchotomy
division into two parts, kinds, etcetera
interDICT
to forbid; prohibit
DEIGN
to think fit or in accordance with one's dignity
conDIGN
well deserved; fitting; adequate
DISsipate
to scatter wastefully
DOGma
a system of tenets, as of a church
inDOLence
a state of being lazy or slothful
DOLeful
sorrowful, maurnful
DOLorous
full of pain or sorrow, grievous
DUBiety
doubtfulness
inDUBitable
unquestionable
DURess
compulsion by threat, coercion
DOUR
sullen, gloomy
DYStrophy
faulty or inadequate nutrition or development
EXonerate
to free or declare free from blame
EFface
to rub or wipe out; surpass, eclipse
EPIgram
a witty or pointed saying tersely expressed
EPIthet
a word or phrase, used invectively as a term of abuse
inIQUity
gross injustice, wickedness
ERR
to go astray in thought or belief, to be mistaken
ARRant
downright, thorough, notorious
obsolESCEnt
becoming obsolete
incandESCEnt
glowing with heat, shining
EUphemism
pleasant-sounding term for something unpleasant
EUgenics
improvement of qualities of race by control of inherited characteristics
EUphony
pleasantness of sound
EXTRAsensory
derived by means other than known senses
EXTRApolate
to estimate (unknown facts or values) from known data
afFABle
friendly courteous
inefFABle
too great for description in words; that which must not be uttered
proliFIC
producing many offspring or much output
eFIGy
sculpture or model of person
profFER
to offer
FIDuciary
of a trust; held or given in trust
iGNOramus
uninformed, lacking knowledge
diGRESS
to depart from main subject
eGRESS
going out, way out
reGRESS
to move backward
coHERent
logically eonsistent, having waves in phase and of one wavelength
adHESive
tending to remain in memory, sticky
adHERent
believer or advocate of a particular thing
hETEROgenous
of other origin, not originating in the body
hETEROdox
different from acknowledged standard
HYPERbole
purposeful exaggeration for effect
HYPOdermic
relating to the parts eneath the skin
HYPOcritical
affecting virtues or qualities that one does not have
IDIOm
one's own language, dialect, style pf speaking
IDIOsyncrasy
peculiarity of tmeperament, eccentricity
IMplicit
not expressly stated, implied
INcarnate
given a bodily, esp human, form
INdigenous
native, innate, natural
INdigent
deficient in what is requisite
INTERloper
one who intrudes on the domain of ithers
conJECTure
formation of opinion on incomplete information
abJECT
uttterly hopeless, humiliating or wretched
adJOIN
to be next to and joined with
subjugate
to conquer
reJOINder
to reply/retort
abJURe
to renounce on oath
adJURe
to beg or command
LEVity
humor, frivolity, gaiety
colLOQUial
of ordinary or familiar conversation
grandiLOQUent
pomppous or inflated in language
LOQUacious
talkative
deLUDe
to mislead the mind
MALadroit
clumsy, tactless
MALapropism
humorous misuse of a word
MALfeasance
misconduct or wrongdoing often committed by a public official
MALediction
a curse
preeMINent
superior to or notable above all others
MINatory
menacing, threatening
eMISsary
a messenger sent to represent the interests of another
MISCegenation
the interbreeding of races, marriage betw. white and nonwhite persons.
proMISCuous
consisting of diverse and unrelated parts or individuals
reMONstrate
to say or plead in protect, objewction, or reproof premonition
MORibund
dying, decaying
imMUTable
unchangeable, invariable
cogNATE
related by blood, having a common ancestor
reNASsance
rebirth
NAScent
starting to develop
gastrONOMy
the art or science of good eating
proNOUNCe
to articulate
reNOUNCe
to give up
NEOphyte
a recent convert
NOUveau riche
one who has lately become rich
OBstreperous
noisily, defiant, unruly
OBtuse
not sharp, pointed, or acute in any form
OBfuscate
to render indistinct or dim
OBsequious
overly submissive
OMNIbus
anthology of the works of one author
OMNI
having infinite knowledge
PANegyric
formal or elaborate praise at an assembly
PANopoly
a wide-ranging and impressive array or display
PANtheon
public building containing tombs or memorials of the illustrious dead of a nation
PANdemic
widespread, general, universal
PAUcity
smallness of quantity
PAUper
a person without any personal means of support
PUsillanimous
lacking courage or resolution
PUerile
childish, immature
PEDant
one who displays learning ostentatiously
antiPODes
places diametrically opposite each other on the globe
PENal
of or pertaining to punishment

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