Glossary of Japanese Musical Inst. and Terms
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- Long, thirteen-stringed plucked zither with moveable bridges.
- Three-stringed, long-necked, fret-less lute, with skin covered sound box. Plucked with a large plectrum
- Six-stringed zither.
- Thirteen-stringed zither(predecessor of koto).
- Pear-shaped lute with four strings and four frets played with a samll plectrum.
- Horizontal flute.
- End-blown flute with four fingerholes, one thumbhole, and a notch cut in the lip.
- Horizontal flute associated with noh drama. Seven fingerholes and a mouth hole.
- Large, seven-holed, horizontal flute of Chinese origin associated with gagaku.
- Transverse bamboo flute with six fingerholes.
- Small, six-holed bamboo flute of Korean origin.
- Short double-reed bamboo oboe with piercing sound.
- Mouth organ with seventeen reed pipes similar to the Chinese Sheng.
- Large drum
- Small hourglass-shaped, double-headed drum, held on the right shoulder. The ropes that hold the heads to the body may be squeezed to raise the pitch.
- Slightly larger hourglass-shaped, double-headed drum held on the left hip. The head is kept at maximum tension and the player wears hard thimbles.
- Shallow barrel-shaped, double-headed drum, placed on a special stand for better resonance and played with two thick sticks.
- Hige drum struck with two thick sticks, used only in bugaku.
- Suspended double-headed drum, one of which is struck with two sticks.
- Small double-headed drum played with thin sticks.
- Double-headed, hourglass-shaped drum of Korean origin; one head is struck.
- Pair of wooden clappers.
- Small suspended gong played with two sticks.
- Court and Ritual genres:
4)Bugaku-gagaku acc. dance
- Buddist chant of Japanese Court and ritual genres.
- Shinto music of Japanese Court and Ritual genres.
- "elegant music"; instrumental music of the Imerial court. Its repertoire is didvided into two large categories: komagaku, and togaku.
- Gagaku music used to acc. dance of the court and ritual genres.
- Theatrical genres:
- Japanese classical drama associated w/ the samuri class; highly stylized and refined; austerity reflects strong influence of Buddism, not flashy, but with discipline.
- main form of musical theater that has flashy costumes and associated with the townspeople.
- Puppet theater of wooden dolls that are 2/3 life-size, associated with the townspeople.
- Traditional lyric and instrumental music: HOGAKU
- chamber koto music
- Sokyoku and types
- Koto music, (use of Chinese like Sheng zither)
1)Kumiuta-song set(Uta)-text not related.
-song cycle-text and theme related
2)Danmoto- koto w/o voice
-sectional peices-(Dan)uses no form structure
- of traditional Japanese Hogaku, features koto too, played by a trio(Sankyoku: koto, shamisen, shakuhachi)
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