Glossary of Intro to communications: Basic punctuation rules
Other Decks By This User
- 5 rules for when to use the apostrophe
- 1. Ownership
3. Pluralize letter's / #'s
4. Stand in for #'s
5. expressions of time
- 3 steps to the writing process
- 1. Pre-writing
- Generating writing ideas
- 1. Freewriting
3. Clustering/ Mapping
4. Asking questions
- Independent clause
- Can stand alone as a complete idea and can be written as a simple sentence(main clause)
- Dependent Clause
- Can't stand alone as a sentence, makes no sense by itself
example: When Flora arrives. (this makes no sense by itself.
- Subject + verb to form a complete thought
- How can an independent clause be joined to another independent clause
- Join two Independent clauses together with a comma and a coordinating conjunction
- Coordinating conjunctions (FANBOYS)
- Subordinating Conjunctions
- (depends on an independent clause to complete its meaning) after, because, when, whenever, before, as, if, until, while, although
- Describe when a comma should separate a subordinate (dependent clause) and a main clause (independent clause)
- A comma should separate if the subordinate is before the main. If the main clause comes first there is no comma.
- Rules for comma usage #1
- Lists, items in a series
Do not use commas when the items are joined by and or or: I enjoy biking and skating and swimming.
- rules for comma usage #2
- Introductory phrases- more than 2 words transitional phrases- an aside w/in the sentence parenthetical expressions
- rules for comma usage #3
- Commas for appositives
-rename or describe nouns or pronouns
- rules for comma usage #4
- nonrestrictive and restrictive clauses
- Minor uses for comma usage (5)
- 1.Dates & addresses
3.when addressing someone directly and naming the person.
- Relative clause: what is it? Name two types of relative clauses.
- (Who, which, or that) modify noun/ pronoun; makes the sentence more complex
- Non restrictive
- NOT essential to the meaning of a sentence. It does not restrict or provide vital information about the word it modifies. (Must use a comma)
- restrictive clause
- Essential to the meaning of a sentence no comma; restricts the meaning of the word it refers to.
- 5 steps to writing a paragraph
- 1 narrow topic
2 writing topic sentence
3 generating idea for the body
4 Selecting and dropping idea
5 arrange ideas in a plan or outline
- Topic sentence
- Main idea for the paragraph
- Rules for Semi-colon
- 1 join two main clauses
2 takes place of a conjunction
(either side of a semi-colon must have two complete sentences)
- Conjunctive adverb
- Placed after the semi colon helps to clarify the relationship between two clauses; However, furthermore, indeed, in fact, then,,,,
- Capitalize titles
- 1.Always capitalize 1st and last word of title
2.Don't capitalize short conjunctions
3.Don't capitalize short prepositions
- Underline titles of long works
2. newspapers & magazines
5. record albums
- Direct Quotations
- 1. proceeded by a comma/ colon
2. first letter of direct quote is capitalized
3. period alwys goes inside quotation marks
- Colon usage
- 1. to show a direct quote will follow
2. to introduce lists
3. separate chapter/ verse in bible
4. Hour and min
- phrase or word not essential to the sentence (could also use commas)
- 1. emphasize sentence
2. Interrupt sentence
- 1. Time (transitional words)
2. Space order (discription, directions..)
3. Order of importance
- 3 things to think of when beginning a writing assignment
- 1. subject
- Subject of a sentence
- is the who or what word that performs the action or the who or what word about which a statement is made
- Compound Subject
- some sentences have more than one subject, joined by and:
Her aunt and uncle love country music.
- Prepositional phrase
- contains a preposition and its object
Example: the sweaters in the window look handmade.
-in the window is the prepositional phrase
- Action verb
- describes the action that the subject is performing.
- Linking verb
- Links the subject to words that describe or identify it
- Words that are always capitalized?
- Names, nationalities, religions, races, languages, countries, cities, months, days of the week, documents, organizations, and holidays.
- Words that are capitalized only when used as a proper noun?
- Streets, buildings, historical events, titles, and family relationships
-don't capitalize the same words when they are used as common nouns.
- Do you capitalize directions?
- No, only geographic locations
- Do you capitalize academic subjects?
- Only if the academic subject is referred to by the specific name and numer course.
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