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Glossary of Intro to Music

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Concert overture
independent 1 mvt. Orchestral composition
ex of concert overture
1812 Overture
Music Drama
term used by Wagner for his operas. He felt drama was most important element with music serving to reinforce
Libretto
text of an opera.
First composer to write own librettos
Wagner
Tonal music
music in a key, major or minor
Another name for tonal music
tonality
Ex of tonal music
Brahm's Piano Concerto #2 (B flat)
Atonal Music
lack of a key, not based on m ajor or minor scale.
Ex of atonal music
Ives Unanswered Question
Gavotte
old French dance in 4/4. Begins on the 3rd beat
Ex of a gavotte
Prokofieff's Gavotte from The Classical Symphony
Polytonality
more than one key simultaneously
Polyrhythm
more than 1 rhythm simultaneously
Ex of polyrhythm
Ives Unanswered Question
Cluster
group or bunch of meaningless notes struck together
Ex of artist who used clusters
Ives
Variations
altering a given theme by changing tempo, rhythm, dynamics, instrumentation, key, etc.
Ex of variation
Copland Variations on a Shaker Melody
Dates of Impressionism
1890-1910
Impressionism
artistic movement of late 19 and early 20 centuries. Borrowed from painting (Monet- Impression Sunrise), impressionistic music hints and suggests rather than states. Subtle, elusive quality
Ex of impressionism
Debussy Isle of Joy, La Mer
Nuance
tonal shading, lights and shades of tonal coloring
Ex of artist who used nuance
Debussy
Chromatic Scale
scale using all half steps
Whole tone scale
scale using all whole steps
Diatonic Scale
scale using half and whole steps

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