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Glossary of IPE II

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cerebral angiography
visualization of cerebrovascular system via x-ray after injection of radiopaque contrast medium into an artery
MRI
noninvasive scanning procedure that provides a computerized projected image of fluid, soft tissue, or bony structures
electroencephalography
measurement of electrical activity of brain
lumbar puncture
insertion of hollow needle and stylet into the subarachnoid space generally between the third and fourth lumbar vertebrae
CT scan (of the brain)
three-dimensional view of brain tissue obtained as x-ray beams pass through successive horizontal layers of the brain
craniotomy
surgical procedure that makes an opening into the skull
Babinski’s reflex
positive finding in an adult which represents upper motor neuron disease of the pyramidal tract
Romberg test
evaluation of cerebellar function and balance
laminectomy
surgical removal of bony arches from one or more vertebrae to relieve pressure from the spinal cord
myelography
introduction of contrast medium into lumbar subarachnoid space in order to visualize the spinal cord and vertebral canal through x-ray examination
arachnoid membrane
weblike layer
brain stem
connects cerebral hemisphere with spinal cord
cerebellum
coordinates voluntary muscle movement
cerebrum
controls consciousness, memory
diencephalon
located between cerebrum an midbrain
dura mater
outermost layer of meninges
medulla oblongata
contains respiratory center
hypothalamus
controls temperature, sleep, appetite
pons
connects medulla oblongata, cerebellum to upper portions of brain
ventricle
small hollow within the brain
Parkinson's Disease
degenerative deterioration of the nerves in the brain stem, primarily the motor area is called
glioblastoma
highly malignant tumor of the sympathetic nervous system
Hydrocephalus
abnormal increase of cerebrospinal fluid around the brain, which may cause an increased head circumference.
apraxia
inability to perform coordinated movements
agnosia
describes the loss of mental ability to understand sensory stimuli
Brudzinski’s sign
positive sign for meningitis
agraphia
best describes the inability to express thoughts in writing
paresthesia
abnormal sensation of tingling or numbness
nuchal rigidity
stiff neck associated with meningitis
myasthenia gravis
chronic, progressive, neuromuscular disorder that causes severe skeletal muscle weakness without atrophy
trigeminal neuralgia
tic douloureux
anencephaly
congenital absence of the brain and spinal cord
burr hole
hole drilled into the skull
analgesia
without sensitivity to pain
palliative
soothing
dysphasia
difficult speech
ataxia
generic term for a lack of muscular coordination
Polycythemia vera
abnormal proliferation of blood cells leading to an increase in blood viscosity and blood volume.
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Histiocytic lymphoma
aplastic anemia
bone marrow depression anemia
anisocytosis
characterized by red blood cells of variable and abnormal size
pneumocystic carinii pneumonia
aids related
hemochromatosis
rare iron metabolism disease

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