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Glossary of Humanities-Intro to Art and Philosophy

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Mannerism
Reaction against idealized paintings of Renaissance, transition between Renaissance and Baroque. Figures are very elongated.
Medieval
Mindset--you can't look at God, can't approach him, etc. Very flat.
Surrealism
Product of Sigmund Reud, tried to paint and loose the unconscious mind
Abstract Expressionism
Evoke emotion but not with tangible things--abstractly
Post Impressionism
Refocus on light and color but reintroduce story and narrative
Cubism
take an image, break it in geometric shapes/planes, and reassmble it in a new and different way
Renaissance
centered on man and man's power, man's ability to be close to God (man made in image of God)
chiaroscuro
dramatic contrast between light and dark (see Anatomy Lecture of Dr. Tulp)
French Romanticism
focus on the people
English Romanticism
focus on nature
Impressionism
capture the sensory experiences of the moment without preconcieved notions
Minimalist School of Architecture
Function over form, structure left visible
Prairie School of Architecture
architecture in harmony with nature around it, blends in with surroundings. Form over function
Philosophy
the act of stating as clearly and convincingly as possible, what we believe and what we believe in
Tools of Philosophy
Articulation, Argument, Analysis, Synthesis
Articulation
putting ideas in clear, concise, and readily understandable language
Argument
supporting ideas to establish conclusions and overcome objections
Analysis
understanding an idea by clarifying its components
Synthesis
gahtering different ideas together in a single, unified vision or theme
Areas of Philosophical Inquiry
Metaphysics, Ethics, Epistemology, Logic, Philosophical Theology, Political Philosophy, Aesthetics
Metaphysics
theories of relaity and the ultimate nature of all things, seeking a unified view of the universe. ALSO called ONTOLOGY, the study of being.
Ethics
theories about good and bad, right and wrong, and the principles of morality
Epistemology
theories about knowledge, what we know and how we know it--poses the question what is truth?
Logic
Ideas about thinking and reasoning, uses syllogisms
Syllogism
A tool of logic (developed by Aristotle) that allowes one to draw valid (but not necessarily true) conclusions from two premises. 1. Major Premise 2. Minor Premise 3. Conclusion DEDUCTION Prove a syllogism by proving its major premise (by using another syllogism). Limits to logic.
Philosophical Theology
theories that address the nature of religion, God and the reasons for God's existence (or non-existence)
Political Philosophy
theories about the nature of society and government, includes ideas about the ideal society (utopia)
Aesthetics
theories relating to art, asks questions about the nature of beauty and its expression
Elements of Art
Composition, Movement, Unity and Balance, Color and Light/Dark Contrast, Mood
Composition
Use of space and arrangements of elements in space
Movement
Where the eye goes
Unity and Balance
Manipulation of emotion to create unity and balance or not
Color and light/dark contrast
Using contrast to offer emotion/focus
Mood
Suggestion of mood
What is name, author, and period/classification of this piece?
The Rape of Europa Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) Renaissance

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