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Glossary of Human Resource Mgmt 11th Ed. Chapter 16

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Arbitration
Process that uses a neutral third party to make a decision.
Constructive discharge
Deliberately making conditions intolerable to get an employee to quit.
Contractual rights
Rights based on a specific contract between an employer and an employee.
Discipline
Form of training that enforces organizational rules.
Distributive justice
Perceived fairness in the distribution of outcomes.
Due process
Requirement that the employer use fair means to determine employee wrongdoing and/or disciplinary measures, and that the employee have an opportunity to explain and defend his or her actions.
Employment contract
Agreement that formally outlines the details of employment.
Employment-at-will (EAW)
Common-law doctrine stating that employers have the right to hire, fire, demote, or promote whomever they choose, unless there is a law or a contract to the contrary.
Just cause
Reasonable justification for taking employment-related action.
Non-compete agreements
Agreements that prohibit individuals who leave the organization from competing with an employer in the same line of business for a specified period of time.
Policies
General guidelines that focus organizational actions.
Procedural justice
Perceived fairness of the processes used to make decisions about employees.
Procedures
Customary methods of handling activities.
Responsibilities
Obligations to perform certain tasks and duties.
Right to privacy
An individual’s freedom from unauthorized and unreasonable intrusion into their personal affairs.
Rights
Powers, privileges, or interests that belong to a person by law, nature, or tradition.
Rules
Specific guidelines that regulate and restrict the behavior of individuals.
Separation agreement
Agreement in which a terminated employee agrees not to sue the employer, in exchange for specified benefits.
Statutory rights
Rights based on laws or statutes.
Whistle-blowers
Individuals who report real or perceived wrongs committed by their employers.
Wrongful discharge
Termination of an individual’s employment for reasons that are improper or illegal.

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