Glossary of Human O

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Surge in artistic, literary and scientific investigation. Occured during Renn. was able to occur because Florence was a rich city.
Dante Alighieri
Wrote The Divine Comedy , was exiled for political views. Was a poet.
The Divine Comedy
Written in Italian, central epic poem in Italian, composed of three main parts, pergatory, paradise, and inferno. Teh inferno is the most famous. Was a poem
Poet Laurete of Rome. Loved literature and poetry. Wored in Avigone with the new papacy. Translated Homer from Latin to Greek as well as Cicero's letters. Wrote letters to Giovanni
Pica della Mirandola
Renaissance humanist and philosopher and scholoar. At age 23 proposed to defend 900 theses on religon, philosphy, and magic against any comers. A key humanist.
Marsillio Ficino
One of the most influential humanist of all times. First translator of Plato into Latin.
alchemy's goals were to turn things to gold and live forever. Generally considered dark magic at time. Turned into chemistry much later.
trivium comprised of three subjects taught first: grammar, logic, and rhetoric. Prep courses for quadrivium. Would have principle undergrad courses.
offered a formalized method of debate designed to uncover and establish truths in theology and in other sciences.
Thomas Aquinas
Italian philospher. Father of natural theology. Considered to be one of the best theologians in the Catholic church.
an element in art defined by a bold contrast between light and dark. Shows light as well can be used to depict feelings with people. Developed during the 16th century.
Linear Perspective
perspective in drawings of a representation of a flat surface as it is seen from the human eye. objects are drawn smaller the farther away they are.
Euclidean Geometry
A mathmatician who was the first to describe assumed axioms and then using theorems and postulates was able to prove them. Used a three dimensions system of plane geometry
The leading philosophical view during the renaissance. Humanism entails a search for morality and truth through human perspective. This search was seen as an essential road to god.
Leonardo da Vinci
Considered to be a Renaissance man because he was a scientist, an inventor, a painter, and sculpter he was fundemental in the Renaissance. Famous for the Mona Lisa and the Last Supper
Polyphonic music
music in the Renaissance. Written as pitch against pitch meaning each part was put against another.
Formulated that the planets were in geocentric cirles and they revolved around the Earth. Also wrote a star catlogue which helped advance astronomy.
Seven Liberal Arts
comprised of the Trivium: Logic, Grammar, and Rhetoric, and the Quadrivium which was arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy. These were the principle courses in undergrad studies and neccessary for the upper ehcelon of society.
Albertus Magnus
A Domincan friar who is best known for combining science and religon into one thing and enabling them to peacefully co-exist. Doctor of the church
was best known for his work in ethics and morals. believed in conceptualism which states that things only exist because they exist in a person's mind.
Most famed journey in 1492 when he discovered the new lands. Though he was not the first to discover America and did not on his first journey he began the European rush for it. Came at a time of growing imperalism.
theory that Earth is at the center of the universe and everything else revolves around the earth in a circular pattern.
belief that the sun is at the center of the universe/solar system. Helios meaning sun and kentron being center.
Michel de Montaigne
One of the most influential writters of the Renaissance. Invented the essay and was famous for merging the serious intellectual speculation with anecdotes and autobiography.
Desiderus Erasmus
published the first Greek New testament. Was also a reformist of the Catholic church but would not leave the church as Lutheran had done. He is famous for his ideas of freedom of will and the sacraments.
Martin Luther
Major church reformer of the Catholic church. He started the reformation because of how much he was bothered by the indulcences. He is said to post 95 theses on a door saying what they Catholic church needs to change. Believed he is justfied by faith of God. Re-defined the Sacraments.
John Calvin
Calvin was trained as a lawyer. He trained himself in the bible. Best known for his view of pre-destination. Believed people were a part of the elect if they went to heaven and there was nothing they could do.
A latin Catholic theology where an indulgence is the remission granted by the church that helped less time in pergatory and lets God forgive them.
Council of Trent
Was held on December 13 1545. clearly specified Catholic doctrines on salvation, sacraments, Biblical Canons, and standardizing the Mass. Said the church's interpretation was final. Anyone who had a different opinon was a heretic. faith works and salvation is defined now.

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