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Glossary of Human Gross Anatomy - Section 1 Objectives

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posterior
near the back
dorsal
near the back
anterior
near the belly
ventral
near the belly
superior
above or higher
inferior
below or lower
midline
midsagittal or median
medial
near midline
lateral
away from midline
superficial
near the surface
deep
opposite of superficial
proximal
near the trunk (usually in reference to the limbs)
distal
away from the trunk (usually in reference to the limbs)
palmar
pertaining to the palm of the hand
plantar
pertaining to the sole of the foot
ipsilateral
on the same side
contralateral
on the opposite side
extension
jointed parts drawn away from each other
flexion
jointed parts drawn toward each other
adduction
movement toward the midline
abduction
movement away from the midline
prone
lying with the face downward; of the hand, palm downward
supine
lying on the back or on the dorsum or with the dorsum turned downward
sagittal plane
- divides the long axis of the body into right and left sections

- along the midline is the midsagittal plane

- to the right or left of midline is a parasagittal plane
transverse plane
divides the body into top and bottom sections
frontal plane
divides the long axis of the body into front and back sections

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