Glossary of Human Development- Ch1 and 2
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- What is human development?
- the scientific study of processes of change and stability throughout the human life span.
- Name 6 disciplines involved in the stufy of human development.
- psychology, psychiatry, biology, education, medicine, anthropology
- What are 4 major goals of the study of human development?
- description, explanation, prediction, modification.
- what are three domains?
- Physical development, Cognitive development, psychosocial development.
- What are the 8 periods of human development?
- Prenatal, infancy/toddlerhood, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, late adulthood.
- Name the 4 Contextual Influences on development.
- Family, Socioeconomic Status (SES), culture and ethnicity, the historical context.
- What are the 6 principles of the life span developmental approach?
- development is life long, development is modifiable, development involves both gains and losses, Relative influences of biology and culture shift over a life span, Development involves changing allocation of resources, Development is influenced by the historical and cultural context.
- What purpose do theories serve?
- to describe and explain development and to predict what kinds of behaviors will occur under certain circumstances.
- What are 3 basic theoretical issues on which scientists differ?
- whether environment or heredity is is more important, whether development is continuous or occurs in stages, whether development is passive or active.
- What are 5 theoretical Perspectives of Human Development?
- what is the chief focus of the psychoanalytic perspective?
- Development as shaped by unconscious forces that motivate human behavior.
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