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Glossary of Human Anatomy Chapter 7 and 8

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large rounded projection; may be roughened (large)
tuberosity
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent
Crest
very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process
trochanter
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest
Line
Small rounded projection or process
Tubercle
Raised area on or above a condyle
epicondyle
sharp, slender often pointy projection
spine
any bony prominence
process
Smooth, nearly flat articular surface
facet
shallow basinlike depression in a bone often serving as an articulate surface
fossa
round or oval opening through a bone
foramen
apendicular skelleton
is made up of 126 bones consisting of the upper and lower limbs including the pectoral bones and he pelvic girdle.
axial skelleton
consists of 80 bones of three major regions the skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage.
Fontanels
"Soft spots"- these are spaces where two cranial bones have not yet fused together in the infant.
What intersting fact are we responsible for in terms of the: Sphenoid bone?
because of its thin walls, it is the MOST OFTEN FRACTURED Cranial bone.
What intersting fact are we responsible for in terms of the: Mandible?
it is the largest and strongest facial bone.
What intersting fact are we responsible for in terms of the: Hyphoid bone?
it is the only bone that does not articulate with another bone.
In forensics, what does a broken hyoid bone imply?
The victim was choked.
How can we tell the difference between the three types of vertebrae?
Cervical- have three holes one for the spine and the other two for the tansverse foramina.

Thoracic- have the facets for the ribs

Lumbar- a little thicker and dont have either facets or the three holes.
What passes through the transverse foramen?
the spine
Spinal nerves pass through the
INTERVERTEBRAL foramen
What characteristic of the spine helps make it shock absorbant?
the four curves.

cervical- lordotic
thoracic- kyphosis
lumbar- lordotic
pelvic- kyphosis
When children are born they only have one class of curve in their spine. What is it?
the kyphotic ones (thoracic and lumbar)
What is scoliosis?
When there is a curve in the spine (not in the sagital view like kyphotic and lordotic curves but) in the frontal axis.
What intersting fact are we responsible for in terms of the: clavicle?
the most often broken bone.
The hands have how many bones phlanges?
27 bones in each hand

14 phlanges. (thumb only has 2)
How many bones in the foot?

What accounts for the difference in bones between the hands and feet?
26 bones

One less tarsel than carpel (8 vs 7)
In terms of forensics, what properties are found with the pelvis?
Robusticity- the male pelvis is bigger and stronger.

Hip width- women have wider hip bones than men.

Pubic arch- when looked at from above women have a perfectly circular pelvis while men look like "mickey mouse"
What intersting fact are we responsible for in terms of the: Femus?
It is the longest and strongest bone in the body.

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