Glossary of Huge AP psychology terms list

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Developed cognitive therapy, psychotherapy to change people's illogical thoughts about themselves and the world
Aaron Beck
Smallest amount of physical intensity by which a stimulus can be detected
Absolute Threshold
Test intended to determine a person's level of knowledge in a given subject area
Acheivement test
Test designed to predicte ablity in a particular area or line of work
Aptitude test
Electric nerve impulse that trabels through a neuron when it is set off by a "trigger", changing the cell's chage from being negative to positive
Action potential
Postivite emotional bond that develops between a child and a particular individual
Theory that seeks to explain how we decide, on the basis of samples of an individual's behavior, what the specific causes of that behavior are
Attribution theory
Sequence of events involving a child an typically its mother. Measurement of attachment
Ainsworth Strange situation (Paradigm)
Developed the theory of obervational learning, performed Bobo doll experiment, also theory of reciprocal determinism
Albert Bandura
psychotherapy based on Ellis's suggestion that the goal of therapy should be to restructure one's beliefs into a more realistic, rational, and logical system
Rational Emotive Therapy
Belief that we try to maintain certain levels of stimulation and activity, increasing or reducing them as necessary
Arousal approaches to motivation
Neo-Freudian psychoanalyst who used the term inferiority complex
Alfred Adler
principle governing the state of neurons, which are either on (firing) or off (resting)
All-or-nothing law (all or none) of neural firing
Helping behaivior that is beneficial to others while requiring sacrifice on the part of the helper
Create unpleasant reactions to stimuli that previously were enjoyed, possibly to excess by and individual
Aversive conditioning
Baby's toes fan out when the outer edge of the sole of its foot is stroked
Babinsky response
Distribution of scores that produces a bell-shaped symetrical curve
Bell curve (normal distribution)
Theory claiming that language shapes and may even determine the way people of a particular culture perceive and understand the world.
Benjamin Whorf's theory of linguistic relativism (determinism)
Belief that both physiological and emotional arousal are produced simultaneously by the same nerve impulse
Cannon-Bard Theory
Therapy in which the goal is to reach one's potential for self-actualization
Client- Centered therapy
Grouping of stimuli that can be stored as a unit in short-term memory
kind of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response through its association with stimulus that naturally brings about the response
Classical Conditioning
Conflict that arises when a person holds contrasting, or contradictory, cognitions
Cognitive dissonance
Experimental group receiving no treatment
Control Group
Numerical measure that indicates the relationship between two variables
Correlation Coefficients
Investigates the similarities and differences in psychological funtioning in various cultures and ethnic groups
Cross Cultural Studies
A research method in which people of different ages are compared at the same point in time
Cross Sectional Studies
Information, skills, and strategies that people have learned through experience and that can be applied in problem-solving situations
Crystallized intelligence

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