Glossary of Horse Health and Disease: Lesson 7 cont.
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- What are the two tendons that contribute to flexor deformities?
- Where are the three points of attachment for the deep ligament?
- 1) at the top
2) midway at distal check ligament
3) bottom of P3
- Where are the three points of attachment for the superficial ligament?
- 1) at the top
2) midway at proximal check ligament
3) at point of P1 (bottom) and P2 (top)
- What is the main cause of flexor deformities?
- The rate of bone growth compared to flexor growth. Bone grows longer creating tendon to be constricted constantly.
- Where are flexor tendons located?
- Back of leg
- When do superficial flexor deformities usually occur?
Deep flexor deformities?
- superficial= 12-18 months
deep= 3-6 months
- What is the major difference in foot positions between superficial and deep deformities?
- superficial= foot flat on floor
deep= pulls heel up off ground looking like horse is standing on toes
- How do you treat superficial flexor tendons?
- Are deep or superficial flexor deformities more common?
- Deep flexor deformities are more common.
- What causes superficial flexor deformities?
- No known reason why.
- Which horses have deep flexor deformities? If this is discovered early enough, what solution can be done?
- -Almost exclusively in DOD horses with high energy diet.
-Reduce or cut out grains. If nursing on mare still, grains can be reduced in her diet.
- How can horses be physically altered if they have deep flexor deformities?
- -trim heel and put on a toe extensor
- What is the more drastic surgical procedure done for flexor deformities? What is it?
- Desmotimy: cutting the check ligament to allow more flexability and less contraction.
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