Glossary of History of Art Vol-1
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- What are the art periods for Prehistoric Art?
- Paleolithic: Old Stone Age c40,000-8,000BC & Neololithic: New Stone Age, 8,000-2,300BC
- The Lions Gate, Turkey c 1400 bc
- Post and Lintel
- Two or more vertical elements are used to support a bridging horizontal one.
- Laying of flat stones without mortar forming a wall
- The Simplest Type of megalithic tomb
- A big Stone or Rock supporting a huge table-like stone form
- Single vertical magalithic (big rock)
- A circular pattern
- straight rows
- A circle of stones or post, often surrounded by a ditch with a built up embankment
- Mortise and tendon joints
- a conical projection from one piece fitting into a hole in the next
- Characteristic of Ancient Egyptian Art
- First sign of writing appears, Art is centered around the tombs , religion, Nile River and the two kingdoms: Old Kingdom & New Kingdom
- Often Lamassus , guardian protectors of palaces and thrones, bearded head of a man, , lion/bull body, wings, had five legs.
- Standard form of Egyptian tombs
- Third Dynasty development of mastaba that were quite large and resembled those of royal palace.
- Made of different animals
- Characteristic of New Kingdom
- Painted w/ mineral based paint; more stylized, coloration, same profile
- Size associated with importance in ancient art
- Hieratic Scale
- No not conform to natural appearances
- Imagines dedicated to the Gods
- Votice Figures
- Upright Slab
- compound of buildings where the ruler governed and resided
- Palace complex
- Fortressed or walled city
- notches on the top of walls and towers
- A plant that inspired architectural ornamentation, used in Corintinian
- The citadel used in ancient Greek
- An ornament used at the corner or peak of a roof
- An oval arena for an athletic event
- a symbol represented without images of human figures
- relieving arch
- an arch built with a heavy wall just above a post and lintel structure (such as a gate or window) to help support the wall above
- Atmospheric Prospective
- Variations in color and clarity caused by distance.
- The symbol ic object or objects that identify a particle deity, saint of personification in art.
- the top of a column
- Italian word designating the contrast of dark and light in a painting
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