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Glossary of History of Art Vol-1

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What are the art periods for Prehistoric Art?
Paleolithic: Old Stone Age c40,000-8,000BC & Neololithic: New Stone Age, 8,000-2,300BC
The Lions Gate, Turkey c 1400 bc
Post and Lintel
Two or more vertical elements are used to support a bridging horizontal one.
Corbelling
Laying of flat stones without mortar forming a wall
Dolmen
The Simplest Type of megalithic tomb
Capstones
A big Stone or Rock supporting a huge table-like stone form
Menhirs
Single vertical magalithic (big rock)
Cromlech
A circular pattern
Alignment
straight rows
Henge
A circle of stones or post, often surrounded by a ditch with a built up embankment
Mortise and tendon joints
a conical projection from one piece fitting into a hole in the next
Characteristic of Ancient Egyptian Art
First sign of writing appears, Art is centered around the tombs , religion, Nile River and the two kingdoms: Old Kingdom & New Kingdom
Lamassus
Often Lamassus , guardian protectors of palaces and thrones, bearded head of a man, , lion/bull body, wings, had five legs.
Mastaba
Standard form of Egyptian tombs
Pyramids
Third Dynasty development of mastaba that were quite large and resembled those of royal palace.
Hybrid
Made of different animals
Characteristic of New Kingdom
Painted w/ mineral based paint; more stylized, coloration, same profile
Size associated with importance in ancient art
Hieratic Scale
No not conform to natural appearances
Stylized
Imagines dedicated to the Gods
Votice Figures
Upright Slab
Stele
compound of buildings where the ruler governed and resided
Palace complex
Fortressed or walled city
Citadel
notches on the top of walls and towers
Crenellation
acanthus
A plant that inspired architectural ornamentation, used in Corintinian
acropolis
The citadel used in ancient Greek
acroterion
An ornament used at the corner or peak of a roof
amphiprostyle
An oval arena for an athletic event
aniconic
a symbol represented without images of human figures
relieving arch
an arch built with a heavy wall just above a post and lintel structure (such as a gate or window) to help support the wall above
Atmospheric Prospective
Variations in color and clarity caused by distance.
attribute
The symbol ic object or objects that identify a particle deity, saint of personification in art.
capital
the top of a column
chiaroscuro
Italian word designating the contrast of dark and light in a painting

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