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Glossary of High Middle Ages Chapter 10

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Notre Dame Polyphony
organum
motet
Notre Dame organum

significance
emergence of polyphony
church had to regulate music - no tritone
which part of liturgy used polyphony
solo sections of responsorial chant
- most important - Gradual and Alleluia
Notre Dame Polyphony

"The Notre Dame School"
Leonin - "Magnus Liber Organi"
Perotin - built on Leonin's compositions
main genres of polyphony
organum
conductus
motet
2 types of organum
sustained-note style
discant style - both voices moving
The Notre Dame Motet
trope - writing more on top of original
polytextual
stratified structure
harmonic structure - 5th, octaves
Secular Music Medieval
poet-composers
-Troubadours (S. France)
-Trouveres (N. France)
-Minnesingers (Germany)
mixed social backgrounds
characteristics of courtly songs
in vernacular
chivalric love
simple music, tuneful melody
division of pulse
Moniot d' Arras
mok at Abbey of St. Vaast
wrote secular and sacred songs
Trouvere tradition
syllabic
sectionalism of music
no melismas
Early Middle Ages

conditions
bleak conditions

agrarian
social structure
no scholars
no classical text access
church dominant
High middle ages

conditions
a new vitality
stability increases
trade and commerce expand
contact with Islam and Byzantium
literacy improves
universities founded
Church relaxes censorship
Thomas Aquinas
13th century
"Summa Theologiae
fulcrum btwn medieval and modern
trying to harmonize human reason with learning
attempted to synthesize Fideism and Rationalism
Inquiry and investigation
Thomas Aquinas

Inquiry and investigation
1. state problem
2. state one opinion - thesis
3. state opposing opinion - anithesis
4. reply - analyzed respones - sythesis
5. summary
Royal estampie No. 4
Formal structure
lively, sense of meter
repetitive and regulated - dance
motif of Dante's Divine Comedy
you reap what you soe
Diseased Trinity of Divine Comedy
Leopard (lust)
Lion (pride)
She-Wolf (greed)

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