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Glossary of Health and Wellness- Preschool

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HEALTH AND WELLNESS
for the average child in the US, a runny nose due to the common cold is the more frequent and most severe health problem during the preschool years
Minor Illnesses of Preschoolers
-the average preschooler has 7 or 8 minor colds, and other minor respiratory illnesses in each year from 3-5
Leukemia
-causes the bone marrow to produce an excessive amount of white blood cells-
the most frequent major illness
Emotional Illness
-the use of drugs such as antidepressants and stimulants doubled or even tripled between 1991 and 1995
INJURIES
the greatest risk that preschoolers face . children have twice the chance of dying from an injury thatn from an illness before the age of 10.
1-in3 likelihood every year
Lead poisoning risk
injuries form poisonour substances such as household cleaners and lead paint
--due to exposure to potentially toxic levels of lead
*14 million children
What is the most hazardous health threat to children under the age of 6, according to the Dept. of Health?
Lead poisoning
child abuse
-each year more than 3 million children in the US are victims
-the physical or psychological maltreatment or neglet of children
Physical Abuse
-the use of physical punishment of any sort is not recommended by child care experts
cycle-of-violence hypothesis
the abus and neglect that children suffer predispose them as adults to abuse and neglect their own children-only 1/3 of people who were abused as children abuse their own children
Psychological Maltreatment
-occurs when parents or other caregivers harm children's behavioral . cognitive, emotional, or physical functioning.
-may occur through overt behavior or neglect
-e.g., frighten, belittle, or humiliate
Child Neglect
-parents ignore their children or are emotionally unresponsive to them
What is the most frequent form of psychological maltreatment?
Profound neglect that involves children who are unsupervised or uncared for
Resilience
refers to the ability to overcome circumstances that place a child at high risk for psychological or physical damage
Emmy Werner
-resilient children have temperaments that evoke positive emotions for a wide variety of caregivers
-they tend to be affectionate, easygoing, and good natured
-bc of their pleasant temperaments, they are able to evoke whatever support is present in a given setting

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