Glossary of Health Vocabulary Chapter 29

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the immediate care given to a victim of injury or sudden illness before professional medical help arrives
First Aid
protects people from lawsuits if medical complications arise after they have administered first aid correctly
Good Samaritan Law
a method of inflating a person’s lungs with air from your lungs
Rescue Breathing
a technique that uses abdominal thrusts to dislodge the object blocking an individual’s airway
Heimlich Maneuver
when the heart’s normal blood supply is blocked
Heart Attack
when the heart stops
Cardiac Arrest
a procedure that uses both chest compressions and rescue breathing to keep oxygen-rich blood circulating to the brain
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, or breaks, or when a blood clot forms and blocks the flow of blood in the brain
severe bleeding
a clean, absorbent cloth usually made of gauze
a tight bandage applied with overlapping turns of gauze
Pressure Bandage
the point at which the injured artery lies near the skin surface and passes over a bone above the injury
Pressure Point
the effect of one or more harmful substances on the body
a condition in which the heart fails to circulate blood adequately to the vital organs
a break or crack in a bone
the broken bone does not push through the skin’s surface
Closed Fracture
involves an open wound
Open Fracture
any rigid material that is used to keep the injured part from moving
when ligaments or tendons near a joint are torn or stretched
the fibrous bands of tissue that prevent the bones from popping apart at a joint
thick strands of tissue that connect muscles to bones
overstretching a muscle or tendon
a separation of the bone from its joint
painful surface burns in which the outer skin layer is reddened
First Degree Burns
extend through the outer layer of the skin, causing blisters and reddening
Second Degree Burns
damage all the layers of the skin and the tissues underneath
Third Degree Burns
when an electrical current passes through the body
Electrical Shock
a rapid, deep breathing, sometimes accompanied by dizziness, chest pains, and fainting, that lowers the level of carbon dioxide in the blood
a temporary loss of consciousness that is usually caused by too little blood flowing to the brain
alternating periods of severe muscular contraction and relaxation
a bacterial disease that can be fatal
a serious viral disease that can be passed to people
the freezing of body tissue
loss of body heat causing the body temperature to drop
occurs when a person is exposed to excessive heat over a period of time
Heat Exhaustion/Heatstroke

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