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Glossary of Health Part 2

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Appetite:
is a desire for food.
Hunger:
Is the body's response alerting of a need for food.
Gluttony:
Condemned as sin in Bible; to eat yourself away.
Nutrition:
Is the study of food and how it affects health.
Nutrients:
Substances your body must get from foods you eat.
Calorie:
Is the amount of heat required to raise one gram of water one degree centigrade.
Metaolism:
Is the sum of all the chemical reactions occurring throught the body.
Metabolic Rate:
Is the speed at which your body uses energy for metabolism:
Basal Metabolic Rate:
Your lowest metabolic rate.
mega doses:
Nutrients obtained in quanities that far exceed the RDA.
Dehydration:
an excessive amount of water lost from the body.
Diuretic:
Tending to increase the discharge of urine.
Carbohydrates:
They supply energy for the body.
Fiber:
Is a part of the cell wall that surrounds plant cells in many of the plants you eat.
Protein:
Is another nutrient that supplies energy for the body.
Complete Protein
A protein that does contain all nine essential amino acids.
Fat:
ARe a concentrated source of energy.
Cholesterol:
Is a fat-related substance that is produced by liver and is needed for good health.
Saturated fats:
Fats that generally come from animals and are solid at room temperature.
Minerals:
There are other substances that the body must have in small amounts.
Macro Minerals
present in the body in large quanitites.
Trace Minerals
opposite of macro minerals...
Anemia:
Can usually be avoided through good nutrition.
Osteoporosis:
Bones dont go to maximum bone mass.
Electrolytes:
They group up the minerals potassium, sodium, and chloride.
Food Additive:
Any substance that is added to food.

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