Glossary of Health Knowledge Bowl - Safety - Set Two
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- What is an infection that develops when a person is in a health care facility called?
- nosocomial Infection
- What set of protection guidelines is used to prevent exposure to blood and body fluids?
- universal precautions
- What is the process called that kills all microorganisms?
- What personal protective equipment should be available to health care workers?
- (any order) gloves, gowns, masks, goggles
- All containers which contain contaminated materials or laboratory specimens should be labeled with what?
- biohazard label
- What classification of microorganisms are difficult to treat because they aren't affected by antibiotics?
- What are bacteria that are found in the body but do not cause harm called?
- normal flora
- When should the health care provider practice universal precautions?
- at all times, with all patients
- What do the initials OSHA stand for?
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration?
- What do most health care facilities have in place to prepare for a potential disaster?
- disaster-preparedness plan
- What activity helps ensure that health care personnel respond effectively in the event of a disaster?
- disaster drills on a regular basis
- When referring to body mechanics, what does the term alignment mean?
- relationship of various body parts to one another
- What type of exercises are recommended for patients confined to bed?
- range-of-motion exercises
- What is the position of a patient in Fowler's position?
- supine at 45-60 degrees
- Name the most important intervention for falls?
- In what population is the risk of injury from falls the greatest?
- people over the age of 65
- In what percentage of falls do fractures result?
- 1 to 4%
- Following a hip replacement, the patient should be cautioned against what type of positioning of the legs?
- What type of apparatus is frequently used to keep the hips/legs in proper position following hip replacement surgery?
- abductor pillow
- Following surgery, the patient is encouraged to regularly cough and deep breathe. Why is this so important?
- prevention of pulmonary complications
- How should a cast be supported for the first 72 hours following application to maintain proper shape?
- on pillows
- What type of sign should be conspicuously displayed when a patient is receiving oxygen?
- no smoking
- Why are such strict precautions taken against smoking or the use of electrical appliances near a person receiving oxygen?
- oxygen supports combustion
- What is the most common vehicle of transmission of the salmonella infection?
- How is shigellosis spread?
- fecal-oral route
- What is the most common method by which microorganisms are transmitted from one person to another?
- contact transmission
- What is the most common site of nosocomial infection?
- urinary tract
- When care is given to a patient that could result in splashing of fluid, you should use?
- protective eye wear
- When you are likely to come in contact with blood or body fluids while working with a patient, what should you wear?
- Personal Protective Equipment
- When removing gloves, with one gloved hand, where do you grasp the glove on the other hand?
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