Glossary of Health Knowledge Bowl - Safety - Set One
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- The way the body moves and maintains balance with the most efficient use of all its parts in a way that does not add undue stress is known as?
- body mechanics
- Keeping your feet 12-14 inches apart, placing one foot slightly forward, and pointing the toes in the direction of movement is how one maintains a____?
- base of support
- What is the main purpose of using Body Mechanics?
- to prevent injury
- When using proper body mechanics how should you pick up an object?
- (any order)keep back straight, bend at hips and knees, keep object close to body
- When you change the direction of your body, using proper body mechanics, you must do what?
- pivot with your feet
- What do loss of balance, unlighted hallways, wet floors, crib rails left down, and visual changes commonly cause?
- accidents and falls
- Smoking and electrical overload are common causes of what?
- Decreased sensation to what increases the probability of burns in elderly clients?
- temperature and pain receptors
- In case of fire, what steps should you follow?
- 1) rescue any patient in immediate danger
2) pull alarm/announce fire
extinguish the fire
- In case of fire or natural disaster what is the first thing to keep in mind?
- do not panic
- Clients hoarding medications can lead to what problems?
- What is your main concern with a client exhibiting an unsteady gait?
- Why should a bed be kept in the low position, when you are not performing procedures?
- to prevent falls
- What is the primary reason for using protective devices?
- to prevent the client from injuring themselves or others.
- A client who is in protective devices complains of a tingling sensation, and the extremity is cool to the touch. What are these signs of?
- impaired circulation
- According to OBRA regulations, protective devices may only be used as a:
- last resort
- What protective device prevents clients from scratching themselves but gives the most freedom of movement?
- hand mitts
- What is the number one cause of fires in health care facilities?
- In what order are clients evacuated from a facility during a fire?
- 1) ambulatory,
- Why should a staff member stay with the clients after they have been evacuated?
- to keep them from reentering the facility
- An anti-septic control method that destroys pathogens but does not usually kill spores and viruses is:
- What is the most effective procedure for controlling infection?
- An area which is free of germs and contains materials and/or equipment that are free of germs is known as a?
- sterile field
- A health care worker contracts an infection after cleaning up soiled equipment without using proper personal protective equipment. This is an example of what mode of transmission?
- indirect contact
- Transmitting microorganisms by a patient touching the health care worker is an example of what mode of transmission?
- direct contact
- The disease producing power of a microorganism is called?
- What is a person, animal, or plant which supports a parasite called?
- Something which has been exposed to germs is considered:
- Microbes that cause disease are called?
- What is a person with low resistance or decreased immunity called?
- susceptible host
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