Glossary of Health Knowledge Bowl - Academic Foundations - Set Ten
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- What nutrient is the cheapest and most abundant of the energy
- Where is Vitamin A stored?
- in the liver
- Why should vegetables be boiled with little water?
- to avoid loss of water soluble vitamins
- What organ functions to produce bile and store glycogen, fats, proteins, and vitamins?
- What is the tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach called?
- What is the presence of air in the pleural cavity called?
- What is the bone that forms the upper jaw?
- What is the bone that forms the lower jaw?
- What vitamin deficiency will affect bones?
- What are the basic building blocks of proteins called?
- amino acids
- Which nutrients require a longer time for digestion?
- What mineral may need to be increased in the diet of a patient with anemia?
- What meat contains three times as much thiamine as other meats?
- What are the receiving chambers of the heart?
- What are the discharging chambers of the heart?
- What is the part of the nervous system that is concerned with control of involuntary bodily functions?
- Name three functions for the skeletal system?
- (any three: any order)
production of blood cells,
- Which part of the central nervous system controls heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, and swallowing?
- medulla oblongata
- Name the two phases of ventilation.
- (any order) inspiration , expiration
- How many servings of milk are recommended for a teenager daily?
- What is a serving size for lean meat, fish or poultry for the meat group?
- 2-3 oz
- Where does most of the nutrient absorption take place?
- small intestine
- Which nutrient is best to provide a burn patient's need to build new tissue?
- What are the four kinds of taste receptors of the tongue?
- (any order) sweet, sour, salty, bitter
- What are two of the three functions of food?
- (any two, any order) provide energy, build and repair body tissues, regulate and control body's chemical processes
- Name four of the six prime nutrient classifications.
- (any four in any order) carbohydrates, vitamins
fats, minerals, protein, water
- What do the initials RDA stand for?
- Recommended Daily Allowance
- What is the term used to describe a state in which a prolonged lack of one or more nutrients retards physical development or causes the appearance of specific clinical conditions?
- According to the food pyramid, which food group supplies significant amounts of calcium, riboflavin, and protein?
- milk, yogurt, and cheese
- According to the food pyramid, which food group supplies a significant amount of protein, niacin, iron, and thiamin?
- meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, eggs, and nuts
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