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Glossary of Health Knowledge Bowl - Academic Foundations - Set Seven

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What term is used to describe quivering of cardiac muscle fibers which produces ineffective, rapid but weak heart action?
fibrillation
What term describes the spread of cancer from one organ of the body to
another?
metastasis
What is the medical term for the onset of menstrual periods?
menarche
What is the term used to describe the period of time immediately
following the delivery of a baby?
postpartum
What is the name of the instrument used to measure the volume of
exhaled air?
spirometer
What is the condition called which results from a decrease in the
amount of calcium stored in the bones?
osteoporosis
What is the term given for having had nothing to eat or drink for a specific period of time?
fasting
Name the condition where a patient has overwhelming attacks of sleep
which cannot be overcome?
narcolepsy
What is an x-ray of the breast called?
mammogram
What is the name of the chronic lung disease characterized by over distention of the alveolar sacs and inability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide?
emphysema
According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, what are the needs to be met after the physiological needs?
safety and security
What is the partition that separates the two nasal cavities called?
nasal septum
What are the two main tubes to the lungs called?
bronchi
What is the cluster of capillaries located at one end of the nephron called?
glomerulus
What is the tube called that carries urine from the bladder to the outside?
urethra
Which endocrine gland is the largest?
thyroid
What hormone regulates the metabolic rate of body cells?
thyroxin
What do lacrimal glands secrete?
tears
Which gland produces a hormone which regulates the amount of calcium dissolved in the circulating blood?
parathyroid
Name the female gonad.
ovary
What is the 20 foot tube in which the spermatozoa mature and become motile?
epididymis
Name the cartilage associated with the larynx which bends over the laryngeal opening to direct food into the esophagus.
epiglottis
What is the valve between the small and large intestine called?
ileocecal
What is the first part of the small intestine called?
duodenum
What membrane lines the eyelids?
conjunctiva
What cranial nerve carries impulses for smell?
olfactory
What is the region or junction at which a nerve impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another called?
synapse
What lobe of the cerebrum interprets visual messages?
occipital
What kind of glands are those which secrete hormones into the blood stream?
endocrine
What is the anatomical term that indicates a structure nearer its origin?
proximal

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