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Glossary of Health Knowledge Bowl - Academic Foundations - Set One

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What is the microscopic study of the structures, composition, and functions of tissue called?
histology
What is the science which deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells?
cytology
What is the study of the nature and cause of disease which involves changes in structure and function?
pathology
To what does the word part "gyneco" refer?
female
What medical term describes one who has no appetite?
anorexic
What is the medical term that means below?
inferior
What is the medical term for fingers or toes?
phalanges
What is the medical term for painful or difficult urination?
dysuria
What medical prefix refers to pain?
dys
What is the medical term for red blood cell?
erythrocyte
What is the medical term for white blood cells?
leukocyte
What is the medical term which means fibrin is destroyed?
fibrinolysis
What is the medical term that means hardening of the arteries?
arteriosclerosis
What is the medical term indicating inflammation of a vein?
phlebitis
What is the medical term that means excessive vomiting?
hyperemesis
What is the medical prefix that means "too much"?
hyper
What is the medical term for a benign fatty tumor?
lipoma
What medical term means dissolving a stone?
litholysis
What is the medical term for a gall stone?
cholelith
What is the medical term pertaining to the tongue and throat?
glossopharyngeal
What is the medical term for profuse bleeding?
hemorrhage
What is the correct term for excessive amounts of urine?
polyuria
What is the term used to mean the number of calories of heat that must be produced per hour to keep the baby alive, awake, and comfortably warm?
basal metabolic rate
What is the correct term for no production of urine?
anuria
What is the correct term for high blood sugar?
hyperglycemia
What is the correct term for sugar in the urine?
glycosuria
What is the term for low blood sugar?
hypoglycemia
What is the proper term for blood vessels getting larger in diameter?
vasodilation
What is the medical term for profuse sweating?
diaphoresis
What is ABG the abbreviation for?
arterial blood gases

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