Glossary of Health Final- December
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- What is health?
- The combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well being.
- What is health literacy?
- A person's capacity to learn about and understand basic health info. and services and use these resources to promote his or her health and wellness
- What is heredity?
- All the traits that are biologically passed from parents to children
- What is wellness?
- AN overall state of well-being, or total health
- What is culture?
- The collective beliefs, customs, and behaviors of a group
- What are risk behaviors?
- Actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others
- What is prevention?
- Practicing health and safety habits to reamin free of disease and injury
- What is media?
- The various methods of communicating info.
- What is abstinence?
- A deliberate decision to avoid harmful behaviors including sexual activity before marriage, and the use of tobacco, drugs, and alcohol
- What is the wellness wheel?
- The wellness whell represents the result of ultimate wellness when physical, mental, and social health are in balance
- What is the health continuum?
- A way of measuring health on skill by certain behaviors
- How do physical, mental, and social health relate to wellness?
- When in balance, they lead to wellness
- What factors influence your health?
- Sleep, Nutrition, Excersize, Toabcco, Drugs, Alcohol, Stress, and Safety
- What is stress manegement?
- Ways to deal with or overcome the negative effects of stress
- What are soem refusal skills?
- Decide ahead of time, be friendly yet firm, be honest, speak only for yourself, suggst an alternative, affirm the person, appeal to possible consequences, accept the possibility of rejection
- What are the steps of the decision making process?
- 1. State the situation 2. List the options 3. Weigh possible outcomes (H.E.L.P Healthful.Ethical.Legal.Parent Approval) 4.Consider values 5. Make decisiona nd act on it 6. Evaluate outcome
- What does H.E.L.P stand for in decision making process?
- What is advertising?
- A written or spoken media message designed to interest consumers in purchasing a product or service
- What is a Health Consumer?
- Anyone who purchases or uses health products or services.
- What is physical activity?
- Any form of movement that causes the body to use energy
- What is physical fitness?
- The ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected tasks
- What is a sedentary lifestyle?
- A way of life the involves little physical activity
- What is osteoporosis?
- A condition in which there is a progressive loss of bone tissue
- What is metabolism?
- The process by which the body breaks down substances and gets energy from food
- What is cardiorespiratory fitness?
- The ability of the heart, lungs, and blood vessels to use and send fuel and oxygen to the body's tissues during long periods of excersize
- What is muscular strength?
- The amount of force a muscle can exert
- What is muscular endurance?
- The ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued
- What is flexibility?
- The ability to move the body through the full range of motion
- What is body composition?
- The ratio of body fat to lean body tissue
- What is aerobic excersize?
- An activity that uses large muscle groups, usually rythmically, and can be maintained for 10 minutes three times a week
- What is anaerobic exercise?
- Intense short bursts of activity in which the muscle works so hard that they produce energy without oxygen
- What is overload?
- Working the body harder than it is normally wokred
- What is specificity?
- Particular exercises and activities that improve particular aras of health-related fitness
- What is progression?
- The gradual increase of overload necessary to achieve higher levels of fitness
- What is warm-up?
- An activity that prepares the muscles for work
- What is cool-down?
- An activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state
- What is frostbite?
- A condition that results when the body tissues become frozen
- What is hypothermia?
- Condition in which body temperature becomes dangerously low
- What is a strain?
- Condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendon
- What is a sprain?
- An injury to to the ligament surrounding a joint
- What does F.I.T.T. stand for?
- F- Frequency
- What is R.I.C.E?
- R- Rest
- What is anorexia nervosa?
- A disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in sever weightloss from self-imposed starvation
- What are eating disorders?
- An extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death
- What is bulimia nervosa?
- A disorder in which some form of purging or learing of the digestive tract that follows cycles of overeating
- What is a binge eating disorder?
- A disorder characterized by compulsive overeating
- Substance Abuse
- Any unecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non-medical reasons
- phycsiological dependence
- A condition in which the used has a chemical need for a drug
- psycological dependence
- Condition in which a person believes they need a drug to function normally and happily
- psychoactive drugs
- Chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter brain activity
- Drugs derived from opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription to relieve pain
- A physiological or psycological dependence on a drug
- A drug that increases the action of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs
- drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and preceptions inclusing vision, sounds, smell, and touch
- drugs that slow the central nervous system
- a cancer-causing substance
- an unlawful attack on a person with the intent to harm or kill
- the repeated following, harassing, or threatening of an individual to frighten or cause him or her harm
- risk behavior
- behaviors that can potentially your health or health or others
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