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Glossary of Handout 2: prefixes and suffixes

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a
absence of, without
ab
away from
ad
to, toward, near
ambi
both
ante
before
anti
against
bi
two
circum
around
contra
against
de
from, down, not
di
double
dia
across, through
dis
separate from, apart
dys
painful, difficult
e
out, away
ecto
on the outer side
em
in
en
in
endo
within
epi
upon
ex
out, away from
exo
outside
extra
outside
hemi
half
hyper
above, excessive
hypo
below, deficient
inter
between
intra
within
intro
into, within
para
beside
peri
around
post
after
pre
before
pro
before
re
again
retro
backward, behind
semi
half
sub
under
super
above
supra
above
syn
with, together
trans
across
ultra
excessive
algia
pain
asis
condition
cele
pouching, hernia
centesis
puncture for aspiration
cyte
cell
ectomy
excision
emia
blood
genesis
production, development
genic
producing
itis
inflammation
logy
study of
megaly
enlargement
odynia
pain
oid
resembling
oma
tumor
osis
condition
pathy
disease
penia
abnormal reduction
phagia, phagy
eating, swallowing
phasia
speaking
phobia
exaggerated fear
plasty
plastic surgery
plegia
paralysis
poiesis
formation
ptosis
falling, downward, displacement
rrhage, rrhagia
excessive flow, hemorrhage
rrhaphy
suture
rrhea
discharge
scope
instrument for examining
scopy
examination
sis
state, or condition
stomy
creation of opening
tomy
incision
uria
urine

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