Glossary of HCCF: 160 CH 12-14
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- During mid-late childhood children they grow how many inches a year?
- How much weight do they gain?
- 5-7 lbs
- What kind of growth results in this weight gain?
- Muscle and bone growth
- Are tendons loose or rigid during this period?
- Primary teeth begin to fall out at about what age?
- Generally how long does it take for the secondary teeth to come in?
- 5 years
- Why are over 1/2 of children 5-17 are now cavity free?
- flouride in the water
- What is Malocclusion?
- crooked teeth
- Orthodontics are best done when?
- Motor development is ? and more ?
- Smoother and more coordinated
- Does precision at sports becomes more refined?
- Are these children able to master of Climbing, jumping, skating etc…
- Why are fine motor skills improved at this age?
- Increased Mylenization
- Does physical activity or sitting for a long period of time exhaust these children?
- What happens in middle and late childhood to body weight?
- it doubles
- How many calories do children nee on average?
- The food pyramid focuses on reducing ? because the American diet contains to much of it.
- saturated fats
- Are children getting enough exercise?
– % participating in P.E. classes
• 1969 – 80%
• 1999 – 20%
- Less that what % of parents of children in grades 1-4 exercised 3 days a week?
- Roughly what % said they get no vigorous exercise at all?
- What are the benefits for children who exercise 30 minutes 3 times a week?
- – Greater cardiovascular fitness
– Less body fat
- What is obesity?
- 20% over expected body weight
- Is BMI accurate in children?
- No, Because of the wide variations in
development and gender
- Are girls or boys more likely to become obese?
- What is the chance that an obese child will become an obese adult?
- What is the chance that an obese adolesent will become an obese adult?
- What are the factors linked with Obesity?
- • Heredity
– Body type, height, body fat composition,
and metabolism are inherited from parents
- What is leptin?
- • Decreases food intake and increases energy
• Some people (and mice) don’t produce
- Simple sugars make insulin levels do what?
- spike and fall off rapidly
- Grains and other carbs make insulin levels do what?
- rise and then slowly fall off
- What are the medical and psychological problems related to obesity?
- – High blood pressure
– Low self esteem
– Sleep apnea
– Hip problems
– High Cholestorol
- Are Disease and Death less
prevalent at this stage
than other stages?
- What is the leading cause of death?
– Motor Vehicle Accidents
– Bike accidents
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