Glossary of HCC146 - Ch 14 - Respiratory System

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arterial blood gas
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
diphtheria, pertussis & tetanus
left lower lobe
left upper lobe
partial pressure of CO2, artery
partial pressure of O2, artery
right lower lobe
right middle lobe
right upper lobe
temperature, pulse, respirations
Cheyne-Stokes breathing
breathing characterized by rhythmic waxing and waning of the rate and depth of respiration, with regularly recurring periods of apnea; seen especially in coma resulting from affection of the nervous centers.
a condition of the lung characterized by increase beyond normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles
fungal disease caused by infection with Coccidioides immitis, occurring in both primary and secondary forms
The fungus is carried in dust.
sleep apnea
cessation of breathing during sleep
snoring, gasping for air, snorting, awakening during the night, lack or restful sleep, more frequent need to urinate at night, irritability, changes in mood or usual personality, excessive daytime sleepiness
a specific disease caused by the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which may affect almost any tissue or organ of the body, the most common seat of the disease being the lungs
upper respiratory infection
infection in the nose, throat, bronchus caused by a virus – common cold
listening to the sounds in the chest
tapping on the chest and listening to the sounds
pulmonary function tests
the assessment (from various breathing maneuvers) that provides information about airflow, lung volumes, and the diffusion of gas
an extraneous sound heard on auscultation of breath sounds; used by some to denote rhonchus and by others for crepitation
rhonchi - an added sound with a musical pitch occurring during inspiration or expiration, heard on auscultation of the chest, and caused by air passing through bronchi that are narrowed by inflammation, spasm of smooth muscle, or presence of mucus in the lumen
A coarse rattling sound somewhat like snoring, usually caused by secretion in a bronchial tube
sleep studies
- polygraphic recording during sleep of multiple physiologic variables, both directly and indirectly related to the state and stages of sleep, to assess possible biological causes of sleep disorders.
consisting of a whistling noise with a high pitch, thought to be generated by gas flowing through narrowed airways
chest tube insertion
insertion of a tube into the chest or thorax, done to drain fluid from the pleural space (area between chest wall and lung)
continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
method of positive pressure ventilation used with patients who are breathing spontaneously, in which pressure in the airway is maintained above the level of atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle. The purpose is to keep the alveoli open at the end of exhalation and thus increase oxygenation and reduce the work of breathing. Used as treatment for sleep apnea.
the excision of lung tissue, especially of an entire lung

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