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Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Figures

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anadiplosis
the rhetorical repetition of one or several words
anaphora
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive clauses
asyndeton
the absense of conjunctions
hendiadys
the use of two separate words (often nouns) to express a single complex idea
hyperbaton
the separation of words naturally belonging together
litotes
understatement so as to intensify, affirmation expressed by the negative of the contrary
metonymy
the substitution of one word for another to which it stands in some close relation
periphrasis
circumlocution
pleonasm
the admission of a word or words which are not necessary to the complete logical expression of the thought
polysyndeton
the repetition of conjunctions
synedoche
use of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part
zeugma
a brachylogy wherein two substantives are used with the same verb, to which only one is stricly appropriate

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