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Glossary of Grammar 9 Seton homestudy

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noun
a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea.

pg.2

(DAVID was a king. -person)
(He lived in ISRAEL. -place)
(He played the HARP. -thing)
(God rewarded his RIGHTEOUSNESS. -idea)
proper noun
names a particular person, place or thing.

pg.2

(the Church, Germany, Pope Paul III)
common noun
names any one of a class of persons, places or things.

pg.2

(saints, meetings, city)
collective noun
a word that names a group of persons, animals, or things considered as one.

pg.3

(team, herd, squadron of planes)
abstract noun
expresses a quality, a condition, or an action apart from any concrete object or thing.

pg.4

(patience, forgiveness, glory)
number
that quality of a noun which denotes whether it refers to one person or thing (singular number) or more than one (plural number).

pg.5

(1 or 100)
most nouns form a plural by adding ___ to the singular
s

p.5

(friend + s = friends)
nouns ending in S,X,Z, CH and SH form the plural by adding ___ to the singular
es

p.5

(buSH + es = bushes)
Nouns ending in Y prededed by a CONSONANT form the plural by changing the ___ to ____ and adding ___
Y to I and adding ES

p.5

(baby = babi + es = babies)
Nouns ending in Y prededed by a VOWEL form the plural by adding ____ to the singular
S

p.5

(attorney + s = attorneys)
How do you change the following nouns to the plural forms: calf, elf, half, knife, leaf, life, loaf, self, sheaf, shelf, thief, wife, wolf.
Change the F or the FE to VES

p.5

(calves)
All nouns ending in O preceded by a VOWEL form the plural by adding ___ to the singular
S

p.5

(igloo + s = igloos)
Nouns ending in O preceded by a CONSONANT form the plural by adding ___ to the singular.
ES

p.5

(tomato + es = tomatoes)
Some nouns ending in O preceded by a consonant form the plural by adding __ or ___ to the singular
S or ES

p.5

(buffalo + s = buffalos) OR
(buffalo + es = buffaloes).
A few nouns form the plural by a change with in the singular (give an example)
(man -> men)
A few nouns form the plural by adding EN to the singular.
(ox -> oxen)

p.5
a few nouns remain the same in sinular and plural.
(deer -> deer)

p.5
When a name is preceded by a title, either the name or the title may be Pluralized.
(The Doctors Smith OR The Dr. Smiths). Since the title Mrs. can't be pluralized, when usin it, the name must always be the part pluralized.
p.5
Some nouns taken from foreign languages retain their foreign plurals.
(larva, larvae)

p.5
Some nouns taken from foreign languages have both a foreign and an English form.
[English] Formula -> formulas
[Foreign] Formula -> formulae

p.5
Some nouns ar used only in the plural.
(clothes, scissors)

p.5
Some nouns are plural in form, but singular in meaning and use.
(physics, news)

p.5
Compound nouns usually add S to the most important word or words. (example)
There are a few instances in which both words are pluralized. (example)
(governor general -> governors general)
(Manservant -> menservants)
p.5
Compound nouns ending in FUL form the plural by adding S to the last syllable.
(handful + s = handfuls)

p.5
Numbers, letters, and symbols form the plural by adding ___
(7s)
p.5
ox
oxen
woman
women
deer
deer
sheaf
sheaves
igloo
igloos
potato
potatoes
silo
silos
larva
larvae
goose
geese
sheep
sheep
baby
babies
mouse
mice
attorney general
attorneys general
commander-in-chief
commanders-in-chief
maid of honor
maids of honor
mother-in-law
mothers-in-law
father-in-law
fathers-in-law
master of ceremonies
masters of ceremonies
secretary of state
secretaries of state
alter boy
alter boys

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