Glossary of Grammar 9 Seton homestudy
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- a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea.
(DAVID was a king. -person)
(He lived in ISRAEL. -place)
(He played the HARP. -thing)
(God rewarded his RIGHTEOUSNESS. -idea)
- proper noun
- names a particular person, place or thing.
(the Church, Germany, Pope Paul III)
- common noun
- names any one of a class of persons, places or things.
(saints, meetings, city)
- collective noun
- a word that names a group of persons, animals, or things considered as one.
(team, herd, squadron of planes)
- abstract noun
- expresses a quality, a condition, or an action apart from any concrete object or thing.
(patience, forgiveness, glory)
- that quality of a noun which denotes whether it refers to one person or thing (singular number) or more than one (plural number).
(1 or 100)
- most nouns form a plural by adding ___ to the singular
(friend + s = friends)
- nouns ending in S,X,Z, CH and SH form the plural by adding ___ to the singular
(buSH + es = bushes)
- Nouns ending in Y prededed by a CONSONANT form the plural by changing the ___ to ____ and adding ___
- Y to I and adding ES
(baby = babi + es = babies)
- Nouns ending in Y prededed by a VOWEL form the plural by adding ____ to the singular
(attorney + s = attorneys)
- How do you change the following nouns to the plural forms: calf, elf, half, knife, leaf, life, loaf, self, sheaf, shelf, thief, wife, wolf.
- Change the F or the FE to VES
- All nouns ending in O preceded by a VOWEL form the plural by adding ___ to the singular
(igloo + s = igloos)
- Nouns ending in O preceded by a CONSONANT form the plural by adding ___ to the singular.
(tomato + es = tomatoes)
- Some nouns ending in O preceded by a consonant form the plural by adding __ or ___ to the singular
- S or ES
(buffalo + s = buffalos) OR
(buffalo + es = buffaloes).
- A few nouns form the plural by a change with in the singular (give an example)
- (man -> men)
- A few nouns form the plural by adding EN to the singular.
- (ox -> oxen)
- a few nouns remain the same in sinular and plural.
- (deer -> deer)
- When a name is preceded by a title, either the name or the title may be Pluralized.
- (The Doctors Smith OR The Dr. Smiths). Since the title Mrs. can't be pluralized, when usin it, the name must always be the part pluralized.
- Some nouns taken from foreign languages retain their foreign plurals.
- (larva, larvae)
- Some nouns taken from foreign languages have both a foreign and an English form.
- [English] Formula -> formulas
[Foreign] Formula -> formulae
- Some nouns ar used only in the plural.
- (clothes, scissors)
- Some nouns are plural in form, but singular in meaning and use.
- (physics, news)
- Compound nouns usually add S to the most important word or words. (example)
There are a few instances in which both words are pluralized. (example)
- (governor general -> governors general)
(Manservant -> menservants)
- Compound nouns ending in FUL form the plural by adding S to the last syllable.
- (handful + s = handfuls)
- Numbers, letters, and symbols form the plural by adding ___
- attorney general
- attorneys general
- maid of honor
- maids of honor
- master of ceremonies
- masters of ceremonies
- secretary of state
- secretaries of state
- alter boy
- alter boys
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