Glossary of Government review for first day of school
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- Why did the firteen British colonies in America become known as "states"?
- to establish their sovereignty when declaring independence from Great Britain; at that time each state considered itself a country federal system
- What system of government divides power among different levels rather than giving all power to the central goverment?
- federal system
- What is the role of government in a laissez-faire economic system?
- The government avoids interfering except to ensure free competition in the marketplace.
- Unitary System
- Natinoal or central government holds all key powers
- Federal System
- Power is divided between the national government and state or provincial governments.
- Emphasis on freedom of choice and individual incentive.
- Government owns means of production decides how to use resources, and distributes wealth equally among people.
- NO social classes; all property is held in common; government is unnecessary.
- 4 Main characteristics of Democracy
- Individual liberty,
Majority rule with minority rights,
Competing political parties
- According to John Locke, what fundamental element made government legitimate?
- consent of the people
- WHat issue did the Convention delegates refuse to settle in 1787?
- Identify the six major principles of goverment on which the Constitution is based.
- popular sovereignty, federalism, seperation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, limited government
- In the Constitution, what right does the final enumerated power give Congress?
- the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers expressed in th other clauses of Article 1.
- What is the major source of income for the national government?
- income tax.
- Who pays for elections of senators, representatives, and presidential electors?
- state and local governments
- What position in the Senate doe the vice president serve?
- president of the Senate.
- How does the census affect the reappointment of the House?
- A state's population determines its number of House members.
- Why does the Constition provide for free and unlimited debate in Congress?
- to ensure that legislators would have the freedom to express their ideas and opinions.
- How does the Senate bring bills to the floor?
- Through unanimous consent, all senators present agree to consider a bill from the calendar.
- How does Congress reapportion House seats among the states every ten years?
- Following the census, each state's population determines how the House seats are reapportioned.
- How are express powers and implied powers related?
- Implied powers are necessary to carry out expressed powers.
- A ____________ is money that citizens and businesses pay to support the government.
- ______________ is a Congressional task that involves helping consitutents with problems.
- ______________ is when Congress passes laws to appropriate money for local federal projects.
- pork-barrel legislation
- What role does the House Ways and Means Committee play in tax legislation?
- It initiates and reviews all tax laws.
- Who are the first four officers in the line of succession to the presidency?
- Vice preseident, Speaker of the House, president pro tempore of the Senate, secretary of state.
- What does the phrase "winner takes all" mean in presidential elections?
- THe party whose candidate wins the most popular votes in a state takes all of that state's electoral votes.
- What event led to the practice of government asisting the ill and the neglected?
- the Depression
- a release of a group from legal punishment
- existing "in fact" rather than officially or legally
- de facto
- Performs ceremnial roles
- Head of State
- Sees that laws of Congress are carried out
- Chief Executive
- Chief Legislator
- Proposes legislation
- Economic Planner
- Prepares federal budget
- Party leader
- supports party members
- Chief Diplomat
- Directs foreign policy
- Commander in Chief
- Commands armed forces of the United States.
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