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Glossary of Government- Ch. 3

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unitary
all key powers in national government
unicameral
single-chamber legislature
bicameral
2-chamber legislature
communism (ecomomic)
central government directs all major economic decisions
Capitalism
private ownership & contol of property + economic resources, free enterprise, competition among businesses, freedom of choice, possibility of profits
Laissez-faire
french term, "to let alone", gov't should keep hands off of the economy
free market
buyers & sellers free to make unlimited economic decisions in the marketplace
autocracy
rule by single leader
democracy
rule by the people
oligarchy
rule by small group
representative democracy
people elect representatives & give them the power to make laws + conduct government
Articles of Confederation
March 1781, unicameral, no executive/ prez, no federal court, weak national government
Articles of Confederation (powers of congress)
make war & peace, send & recieve ambassadors, enter into treaties, raise & equip navy, maintain an army by requesting troops from states, appoint senior military officers, fix standards of weight and measures, regulate indian affairs, establish post offices, decide certain disputes among states
Articles of Confederation (Weaknesses)
1. No power to levy or collect taxes
2. No power to regulate trade
3. No forcing to obey laws
4. Needed approval of 9/13 states
5. Amending requires all states
6. No executive branch...
= WEAK NAT'L GOV'T
Magna Carta
King John forced sign, 1215, monarch/gov't limited, protection of life-liberty-property except under law, established principle of limt'd gov't
Petition of Right
1628, reps forced king to sign, severely limit king's power, need Parliament's consent!!!
English Bill of Rights
1688, what ruler cant & can't do, important for American colonists, Parliament consent
Mayflower Compact
1620, 41 pilgrims, 1st colonial self-gov't,
Great Fundamentals
1636, more comprehensive laws, 1st basic system of laws for gov't
Fundamental Orders of Conneticut
1639, America's first formal constituition, right to elect governor, judges, and reps, no voting restriction to church members
Thomas Jefferson
author of Declaration of Independence

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