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Glossary of Geography Terms, Week 1

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mountain range
an elongated ridge
source
the point of origin of a stream of water
mouth
the place where a stream enters a larger body of water
peninsula
a portion of land nearly surrounded by water and connected with a larger body by an isthmus
island
a tract of land surrounded by water and smaller than a continent
plateau
a usually extensive land area having a relatively level surface raised sharply above adjacent land on at least one side
tributary
a stream feeding a larger stream or a lake
canal
an artificial waterway for navigation or for draining or irrigating land
delta
the alluvial deposit at the mouth of a river
sea
an inland body of water -- used especially for names of such bodies
bay
an inlet of the sea or other body of water usually smaller than a gulf
summit
the highest point
inlet
a narrow water passage between peninsulas or through a barrier island leading to a bay or lagoon
cliff
a very steep, vertical, or overhanging face of rock, earth, or ice
port
a part of a body of water protected and deep enough to be a place of safety for ships

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