Glossary of Geography Grade 5 Chapter 1
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- COMPASS ROSE
- A symbol on a map used to tell the directions (N, S, E,W, NW, NE, SE, SW).
- A unit of measure equal to 1,000 meters or .6214 miles.
- A pattern of intersecting lines of latitude and longitude on a map
- LINES OF LONGITUDE
- Imaginary lines that run east of west of the Prime Meridian passing from pole to pole.
- LINES OF LATITUDE
- Imaginary lines which ar measured north or south of the equator.
- A picture or icon which represents something on a map.
- Either of two halves of the earth when divided into the east and west halves or the north and south halves.
- When the appearance of landforms on a map look changed and disproportionate.
- An estimate of coordinates used when exact placement is difficult.
- GREAT CIRCLE
- the largest circle one can draw on a sphere.
Example: the Equator.
- POLITICAL MAP
- A map that shows the boundaries of states and countries.
- RELIEF MAP
- A map that shows how high or low all the geographical places are in a certain area.
- PROFILE MAP
- A map showing a side view or an outline view of landforms.
- The height of land.
(Usually measured in relation to sea level)
- NATURAL RESOURCE
- Something from earth, useful to man.
Examples": rock or mineral
- PHYSICAL FEATURES
- Type of land features shown on a map including rivers, mountains and deserts.
- 7 Massive land regions of earth: North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Australia Antarctica, and Africa.
- A large mass of earth that rises above the common level of land and is bigger than a hill.
- Masses of salt water that cover the of earth's surface.
- A body of land completely surrounded by water.
- 7 continents
- North America, South America, Europe, Australia, Africa, Asia, Antarctica.
- 4 Oceans
- An imanginary line in the middle of the world that circles the globe. It is located at 0 latitude
- All the lines that run across the map from west to east
- All the lines that run across the map from from north to south
- Prime Meridan
- The most important line of longitude. Located at 0
- Inset Map
- A small map connected to a larger map.
- Distance scale
- Part of a map that tells the distance between places
- Two equal halves
- Northern Hemisphere
- Any place on earth north of the equator
- Southern Hemisphere
- Any place on earth south of the equator
- Eastern Hemisphere
- Any place on earth east of the Prime Meridian
- Western Hemispher
- Any place on earth west of the prime meridian
- Special Purpose Map
- Maps drawn to give us special information
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