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Glossary of Geography Grade 5 Chapter 1

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COMPASS ROSE
A symbol on a map used to tell the directions (N, S, E,W, NW, NE, SE, SW).
KILOMETER
A unit of measure equal to 1,000 meters or .6214 miles.
GRID
A pattern of intersecting lines of latitude and longitude on a map
LINES OF LONGITUDE

(MERIDIANS)
Imaginary lines that run east of west of the Prime Meridian passing from pole to pole.
LINES OF LATITUDE

(PARALLELS)
Imaginary lines which ar measured north or south of the equator.
SYMBOL
A picture or icon which represents something on a map.
HEMISPHERE
Either of two halves of the earth when divided into the east and west halves or the north and south halves.
DISTORTION
When the appearance of landforms on a map look changed and disproportionate.
INTERPOLATION
An estimate of coordinates used when exact placement is difficult.
GREAT CIRCLE
the largest circle one can draw on a sphere.
Example: the Equator.
POLITICAL MAP
A map that shows the boundaries of states and countries.
RELIEF MAP
A map that shows how high or low all the geographical places are in a certain area.
PROFILE MAP
A map showing a side view or an outline view of landforms.
ELEVATION
The height of land.
(Usually measured in relation to sea level)
NATURAL RESOURCE
Something from earth, useful to man.
Examples": rock or mineral
PHYSICAL FEATURES
Type of land features shown on a map including rivers, mountains and deserts.
CONTINENT
7 Massive land regions of earth: North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Australia Antarctica, and Africa.
MOUNTAIN
A large mass of earth that rises above the common level of land and is bigger than a hill.
OCEANS
Masses of salt water that cover the of earth's surface.
ISLAND
A body of land completely surrounded by water.
7 continents
North America, South America, Europe, Australia, Africa, Asia, Antarctica.
4 Oceans
Atlantic
Arctic
Pacific
Indian
Equator
An imanginary line in the middle of the world that circles the globe. It is located at 0 latitude
Latitude
Parallel
All the lines that run across the map from west to east
Longitude
All the lines that run across the map from from north to south
Prime Meridan
The most important line of longitude. Located at 0
longitude
Inset Map
A small map connected to a larger map.
Distance scale
Part of a map that tells the distance between places
Hemispheres
Two equal halves
Northern Hemisphere
Any place on earth north of the equator
Southern Hemisphere
Any place on earth south of the equator
Eastern Hemisphere
Any place on earth east of the Prime Meridian
Western Hemispher
Any place on earth west of the prime meridian
Special Purpose Map
Maps drawn to give us special information

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