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Glossary of Geography: Social Studies: Hirsch: Grade 5

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Lines of latitude are also called _________.
parallels
Lines of latitude are parallel to the __________.
equator
The Prime Meridian is at __ degrees longitude
0
The ________ runs through the city of Greenwich, where there is a famous observatory.
Prime Meridian
The Prime and 180 degree Meridians divide the world into _____ and _______ hemispheres.
Eastern; Western
The hemisphere above the equator is the _______ hemisphere. The hemisphere below the equator is the _______ hemisphere.
Northern; Southern
The world's____ are referred to as NW, SW, NE, and SW.
quadrants
A map's ____ shows the proportion between distance on the map and actual distance on Earth's surface.
scale
The _______ is at 67 N latitude and contains the North pole.
Arctic Circle
The ______ is at 67 S latitude and contains 3/4's of earth's fresh water.
Antarctic Circle
The Artic Circle is (warmer or colder?) than the Antarctic Circle.
warmer
The ________ is at 23 N latitude; the ______ is at 23 S latitude.
Tropic of Cancer; Tropic of Capricorn
The ______ zigzags across the 180 degree Meridian and divides the 12th time zone in half.
International Dateline
List five ways in which lakes form.
Action of glaciers; action of waves; river sources; natural dams; faults in Earth's crust
Regions of the U.S.
Pacific Northwest;
West;
Great Plains;
Midwest;
Southwest;
New England;
Mid-Atlantic;
South

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