Glossary of Geog1- Midterm Section 3

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advectional inversion
A temperature gradient inversion caused by cold air being blown under warm like the marine layer.
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
A chemical that was used in refridgerators and car air conditioners that caused ozone depletion because it allowed chlorine to get into the ozone.

1087- Montreal Protocol (50% cut by 1997
cold-air drainage inversion
Temperature inversion caused when cold air (denser) falls down a montain pushing the warm air up.
Causes areas that are far from the ocean to have a bigger change in temperature annually and daily.

This is a result of contrast between land and water thermal properties.

Land gains and loses energy more quickly than water.
equable temperatures
Temperatures that are equable have very little change in temperature over the year.
Circular movements of water that circle the water basins.
ice-core records of carbon dioxide
Taken from Antartica and Greenland where samples are taken of the bubbles that contain old atmosphere.

Ice-cores are one of the proxies that are used to study Global Warming.
A line joining points of equal temperature, like on an isotherm map.
Keeling curve
Keeling Curve is a graph showing the increasing global temperatures over the last century.
Causes areas that are closer to the ocean to have less change in temperature annually and daily.

This is a result of contrast between land and water thermal properties.

Water gains and loses energy more slowly than land.
A gas that could be a cause of global warming.
radiational inversion
Temperature inversion caused by cold ground that cools the air.

Long cold winter nights.
seasonal temperatures
Are determined by the latitude. Lower latitudes have the lowest amount of seasonal temperature change while the poles have the highest.

It's also very warm around the equator and gets cooler as you move towards the poles.
specific heat
The amount of energy required to raise the emperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1 degree Celsius.
subsidence inversion
Temperature inversion that occurs when air falls down at higher elevations and heats up.
temperature inversion
A situation in which temperature increases upwards and the normal condition is inverted.

-Cold Air Drainage
temperature range
Highest temperature minus the lowest.

Near the equator- less of a temperature range
Near the poles- more of a temperature range
tree-ring records of temperatures
One of the proxies used to measure change in temperature in the past.

The warmer it was, the wider the rings.

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