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Glossary of Geo Vocab Week 2

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3 dimensional object (sphere); the best representation of the earth.
globe
a graphic representation for a part(s) of the earth tht is usually drawn to scale on a flat surface.
map
of the four points of the compass: north, south, east, west.
cardinal directions
the directions that lie between north and east (NE), north and west (NW), south and east (SE), and south and west (SW).
intermediate directions
One of the series of imaginary lines, also called parallels, that circle the earth parallel to the Equator.
latitude
One of the series of imaginary lines, also called meridians, that run north and south from one pole to the other; used to measure the distance east and west from the Prime Meridian in degrees.
longitude
An imaginary line that circles the globe at its widest point (halfway between the North and South poles), dividing the earth into two halves called hemispheres; used as a reference point from which north and south latitudes are measured.
equator
An imaginary line of longitude that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England; it is designated 0┬░longitude and is used as a reference point from which east and west lines of longitude are measured.
Prime Meridian
a person who makes maps of charts.
cartographer
A half of the Earth; the Equator divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres. The Prime Meridian divides the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
hemisphere

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