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Glossary of General Chemistry I Test I

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how do you count to ten in greek prefixes?
mono
bi
tri
tetra
penta
hexa
hepta
octo
ennea
deca
what are cations?
positively charged ions
what are anions?
negatively charged ions
ionic compounds are usually...____-____ combos
metal-nonmetal
molecular compounds are usually..._____-____ combos
nonmental-nonmetal
what is an intensive property?
a property independant of the amount of substance on hand
what is an extensive property?
a property dependant on the amount of substance on hand
monotomic anions have the ending ____
-ide
nonmetal cations have the ending ____
-ium (ammonium/hydronium)
acids containing anions that end in -ide- change to.....?
"hydro" (prefix) "-ic" acid
acids containing anions that end in -ate- change to....
"ic" acids
acids containing anions that end in -ite- change to....
"ous" acids
when naming binary molecular compounds the second element is given the ____ ending
"-ide"
What is the charge of the silver ion?
+1
What is the charge of the zinc ion?
+2
What is the charge of the cadmium ion?
+2
What is the charge of the ammonium ion? (NH4)
+1
What is the charge of the hydronium ion? (H3O)
+1
What is the charge of the aluminum ion?
+3
What is the charge of the hydride ion? (H)
-1
What is the charge of the hydrogen ion? (H)
+1
What are 9 metals that can have multiple charges?
Cr-chromium
Mn-manganese
Fe-iron
Co-cobalt
Ni-nickel
Cu-copper
Hg-mercury
Pb-lead
Sn-tin
What is the charge of the acetate ion? (C2H3O2)
-1
What is the charge of chlorate ions?
-1
what is the charge of the carbonate ions (CO)?
-2
What is the charge of the phosphate ion?
-3
What is the charge of the chromate ions?
-2
What is the charge of the sulfate ion?
-2
what is the charge of the nitrate ion?
-1
what is the charge of permanganate ion?
-1

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