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Glossary of GRE Essay Section Definitions and Terms

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False Dilemna
A statement that assumes there are only 2 options:
"America: Love it or leave it!"
Premise
Claim that supports the conclusion
Claim
An assertion that is either true or false
Conclusion
The main claim of an argument
Basic Argument Structure
Persuasive appeal of 2+ statements, including at least one premise and at least one conclusion
Overstated Generalization
a proposition that mkes a broad statement about a specific group/institution:
"It isn't up to schools to provide health education."
Appeal to Authority
Invoking the views of authorities to support an argument.
Inductive Fallacies
Inappropriate reliance on a sample. Often involves inferences made on a large pop. based on a small sample.
Hasty generalizations
A conclusion drawn when the size of the sample is too small to serve as a basis for the conclusion.
Unrepresentative Samples
A sample that differs in significant ways from the population as a whole
False Analogy
Comparing two things that differ in such a way as to invalidate the commonality
Fallacy of Exclusion
Occurs when all relevant information isn't taken into account.
Slippery Slope
If X happens, then Y will definitely follow

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