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Glossary of GCSE Geography - Rivers

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What are the landforms found in the upper course of a river?
V-shaped valleys, interlocking spurs, rapids, waterfalls and gorges of recession
What are the landforms found in the middle course of a river?
Meanders, Oxbow Lakes, Levées, Flood Plains
What are the landforms found in the lower course of a river?
Meanders, Oxbow Lakes, Levées, Flood Plains, Deltas
How is material transported down a river?
Traction, Saltation, Suspension, Solution
What are the four processes of river erosion?
Hydraulic power, Attrition, Corrasion, Corrosion
What is a tributary?
A smaller river which flows into a larger river.
What is a confluence?
Where two rivers meet.
Where is the mouth of a river?
Where it flows into the sea.
What is the watershed?
The imaginary line surrounding a drainage basin.
What is the source of a river?
Where it begins.
What is a drainage basin?
The area drained by a river and its tributaries.
What is hydraulic power?
The force of the water eroding the bed and banks.
What is attrition?
The load rubbing against each other becoming smaller and more rounded.
What is corrasion?
The wearing away of the river banks by the load.
What is corrosion?
The chemical action of water dissolving minerals.

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