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Glossary of GASTROINTESTINAL

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CORRECT:
THE PATIENT GIVES HER HEIGHT AS
5 FEET 7 INCHES.
NOT CORRECT:
The patient gives her height as 5'7".
CORRECT: Cardizem 60 mg one 4 times a day...
NOT CORRECT:

Cardizem 60 mg 1 four times a day...
SUPPER = MEAL TIME
NOT SUPER, this = great!
Cyclic
adjective form of cycle.
CORRECT:

...approximately 13 to 14 weeks' size.
INCORRECT:

...approximately 13 to 14 weeks in size.

(delete "in", otherwise the apostrophe after "weeks" would be incorrect.
CORRECT:

SEPTUM
INCORECT:

septem
CORRECT:

OP-THA-MOLOGIC
INCORRECT:

oph-thal-mologic
CORRECT:

LOW-DENSITY
INCORRECT:

low density
APHTHOUS STOMATITIS
Inflammation of the mouth with small ulcers.
CHOLELITHIASIS
An abnormal condition of gallstones.
ENDODONTIST
A specialist in root canal therapy.
CHOLANGIECTASIS
Dilatation of a bile vessel.

(presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct may produce this)
HEPATOMA
Tumor of the liver.
HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMAS
Malignant tumors.
PHARYNGEAL
Pertaining to the throat.
PHARYNGITIS
Inflammation of the pharynx.
GINGIVITIS
Inflammation of the gums.
ILEOSTOMY
Creation of a new opening from the third part of the small intestine to the outside of the body.
PARENTERAL
Intravenous feeding that is given apart from or not through the digestive tract.
CHOLECYSTECTOMY
Removal of the small sac under the liver that stores bile.
ENTEROCOLOSTOMY
Creation of a new opening between the small intestine and large intestine.
CHOLEDOCHOTOMY
Incision into the common bile duct.
PALATE
The roof of the mouth.
PYLORIC SPHINCTER
The muscle at the distal end of the stomach (at the entrance of the duodenum).
AMINO ACIDS
Small substances that are the building blocks of proteins.
PAROTID
A term describing a salivary gland located near the ear.
AMYLASE
An enzyme that breaks down starch and is secreted from the pancreas.
DEGLUTITION
The process of swallowing.
PULP
The soft inner part of a tooth.
SIGMOID COLON
The lower, S=shaped end of the large intestine.

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