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Glossary of Functional Groups for Org. Chem.

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Alkane
C-H single bonds
Alkene
C-H with at least one double bond
Alkyne
C-H with at least one triple bond
Arene
C-H forms a ring with alternating double bonds
Alkyl Halide
Contains a halogen and single bonds
Alkenyl Halide
Contains a halogen and a double bond
Aryl Halide
Contains a halogen and an aromatic ring
Alcohol
C-H's single bonded to an OH
Phenol
Aromatic ring bonded to an OH
Ether
Oxygen is bonded to two unconnected C-H groups
Epoxide
Two Carbons are bonded to the Oxygen and each other
Aldehyde
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is attached to a hydrogen and a carbon group
Ketone
The oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is attached to two carbon groups
Carboxylic Acid
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon which is bonded to an OH and a carbon group
Anhydride
two oxygens are bonded to carbons that share a third oxygen
Ester
an oxygen is double bonded to a carbon that is bonded to another oxygen
Amide
Double bonded Oxygen with a nitrogen off of the carbon
Amine
Nitrogen and C-H's with only single bonds
Nitrile
C-H's with a triple bond to Nitrogen
Nitro
Nitrogen bonded to an aromatic ring
Thiol
Sulfur is single bonded to hydrogen and one carbon group
Sulfide
Sulfur is bonded to two carbon groups

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