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Glossary of Figurative Language

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Alliteration
the repetition of one or more initial sounds, usually consonants and vowels at the beginning of each word in a series
Allusion
A reference to another work in literature or to someone or something that is known from history
Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in words close to each other
Consonance
Repetition of final consonant sounds in words close to each other
Simile
a direct comparison of two unlike objects, using "like", "as", "than"
Metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike objects by identification or subsitution; a comparison that is suggested or implied
Personification
to give human or personal qualities to inanimate things or ideas. Using a noun as a person or persons.(eg. the cloud held the mountain on its shoulders)
Onomatopoeia
The use of words which sound like what they mean
Oxymoron
a combination of contradictory words
symbolism
the use of one object to suggest another hidden object or idea
imagery
creating a visual picture with words
anthropomorphism
assigning human qualities, particularly emotions or thoughts, to non-human creatures (eg. the sea raged; the penguin asking if this fish makes it look fat)

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