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Glossary of Fall Semester Exam Review--Music

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Adagio
slow, between largo and andante
Alla breve
cut time
Allargando
slowing down
Allegro
fast
Andante
literally, "walking tempo"
Grave
slowest
Largo
very slow
Lento
Slow
Accelerando
gradually increase tempo
Presto
very fast
Ritardando
gradually decrease tempo; same as Rallentando
Rallentando
gradually decrease tempo; same as ritardando
Rubato
Literally, "robbing" and elastic, flexible tempo with slight accelerandos and ritardandos
Vivace
Quick lively
Accent
emphasis on one pitch or chord
Cantabile
in a sining style
Espressivo
expressively
Legato
No interrution between notes
Maestoso
majestically, boldly
Marcato
marked stress, harder than accented
Tenuto
sustained to full value, indicated by dashes above note head -
Stacatto
detached
Dynamics
volume in music
Fortissimo-ff
very loud
Forte-f
loud
Mezzo forte-mf
medium loud
Mezzo piano-mp
medium soft
Piano-p
soft
Pianissimo-pp
very soft
Crescendo
gradually increase in volume
Decrescendo
gradually decrease in volume

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