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Glossary of FCNU 2030 HEALTH ASSESSMENT-MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY QUIZ II

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away from
Ab
to, toward
Ad
up
Ana
against
Anti
life
Bio
together
Con
to undo, free from
Dis
back of body
Dors/i
outside
Ecto
inward
Eso
cause (of disease)
Eti/o
under, below
Infra
bad
Mal
middle
Meso
one
Uni
death (cells of body)
Necro
night
Noct/i
organ
Organ/o
light
Photo
first
Prim/i
back
Retro
half
Semi
over, above
Super
three
Tri
beyond, excess
Ultra
cell
-cytle
condition
-iasis
disease
-pathy
inflammation
-itis
instrument for visual examination
-scope
pain
-algia
killing
-cidal
vomiting
-emesis
smell
-odia
vision
-opia
infection
-sepsis
air, gas
Aer/o
alveolus
Alveol/o
rib
Cost/o
breast
Mast/o
breath
Spir/o
bronchus
Bronch/i
bronchiole
Bronchiol/e
chest
Steth/o
lobe
Lob/o
lung
Pulmon/o
lung, air
Pneumon/o
milk
Lact/o
mucus
Muc/o
sternum
Stern/o
thorax(chest)
Thorac/o
breathing
-pnea
carbon dioxide
-capnia
thorax
-thorax
surgical procedure to aspirate fluid
-centesis
anterior axillary line
AAL
anterior/posterior
AP
adult respiratory disease syndrome
ARDS
breast self examination
BSE
chest x-ray
CXR
electrocardiogram
ECG/EKG
head of bed
HOB
history and physical
H & P
intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPPB
left lower lobe
LLL
left upper lobe
LUL
oxygen
O2
mid-clavicular line
MCL
mid-vertebral line
MVL
mid-scapular line
MSL
posterior axillary line
PAL
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PCP
shortness of breath
SOB
turn, cough, and deep breathe
TCDB
tracheostomy
Trach
bronchial asthma
BA
cystic fibrosis
CF
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD
obstructive sleep apnea
OSA
respiratory distress syndrome
RDS
sudden, acute respiratory syndrome
SARS
upper respiratory infection
URI
smallest structure of mammary gland
Alveoli
caked area surrounding nipple
Areola
thin, yellow fluid
Colostrum
benign breast mass
Fibroadenoma
excessive breast development in male
Gynecomastia
nipples depressed
Inverted
inflammation of breast
Mastitis
orange peel appearance of breast due to adema
Peau d' orange
dimpled or pucker on the skin
Retraction
atrophic pink, purple, or white linear streaks on the breasts or other areas of the body (stretch marks)due to fast weight gain
Striae
extension of breast tissue into axillae
Tail of Spence
functional units of the lung; site of respiratory exchange of CO2 and O2
Alveoli
manubriosternal angle, continuous with the 2nd rib
Angle of Louis
cessation of breathing
Apnea
abnormal resp. condition characterized by bronchospasm, wheezing, and dyspnea
Asthma
abnormal resp. condition characterized by collapsed,shrunken, deflated section of alveoli
Atelectasis
slow breathing < 10 breaths per minute
Bradypnea
a smaller resp. passageway into which the segmental bronchi divide
Bronchiole
abnormal resp. condition characterized by inflammation of the bronchi, resulting in partial obstruction from excessive mucus
Bronchitis
normal breath sound heard over major bronchi, 1st and 2nd intercostal space
Bronchovesicular
abnormal resp. condition characterized by airway obstruction (bronchitis, emphysema)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease/COPD
millions of hair-like cells lining the tracheobronchial tree
Cilia
solidification of portions of lung tissue (pneumnonia)
Consolidation
abnormal, discontinuous, adventitious lung sounds heard on inspiration (rales)
Crackles
course crackling sensation palpable over the skin when air escapes from lungs
Crepitus
difficult, labored breathing
Dyspnea
abnormal respiratory condition characterized by air trapping of alveoli
Emphysema
palpable vibration from the spoken voice felt over the chest wall
Fremitus
coarse, grating, adventitious lung sound heard when the pleurae are inflamed
Friction rub
increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
Hypercapnia
increased rate and depth of breathing
Hyperventilation
decreased level of 02 in the blood
Hypoxemia
space between the ribs
Intercostal space
ability to breathe easily only in an upright position
Orthopnea
sudden awakening fromo sleeping with shortness of breath
Paroxysmal nocturnal dypsnea
abnormal fluid between layers of the pleura
Pleural effusion
low-pitched, musical, snoring caused by airway obstruction (adventitious)
Rhonchi
rapid, shallow breathing
> 24 breaths per minute
Tachypnea
soft, low-pitched normal breath sounds heard over peripheral lung fields
Vesicular
high-pitched, musical, squeaking adventitious lung sound
Wheeze
lower tip of the sternum
Xiphoid process
aorta
Aort/o
vessel
Angi/o
artery
Arteri/o
arteriole
Arteriol/o
yellowish fatty plaque
Ather/o
atrium
Atri/o
heart
Coron/o
neck, neck-like
Trachel/o
valve
Valvul/o
vessel, duct
Vas/o
vein
Ven/o
ventricle
Ventricul/o
constricted structure
-stenosis
apical impulse
AI
arteriovenous or atrioventricualar (as in valves)
AV
beats per minute
BPM
coronary artery bypass graft
CABG
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPR
left ventricular hypertrophy
LVH
point of maximum impulse
PMI
right ventricular hypertrophy
RVH
first heart sound: closure of AV valves
S1
second heart sound: closure of semilunar valves
S2
semilunar valves or stroke volume
SV
left semilunar valve separating left ventricle and the aorta
Aortic valve
tip of the heart pointing down toward the 5th intercostal space
Apex of heart
point of maximal impulse pulsation created as the left ventricle rotates against the chest wall during systole (5th left intercostals space in mid-clavicular line)
Apical impulse
heart stops beating
Asystole
broader area of heart's outline located at the 3rd right and left intercostal spaces
Base of the heart
cup-shaped end piece used for soft, low-pitched heart sounds
Bell (of the stethoscope)
slow heart rate

<50 beats per minute in the adult
Bradycardia
bulbous enlargement of distal phalanges of fingers and toes that occurs with chronic cyanotic heart and lung conditions
Clubbing
dusky blue mottling of the skin and mucous membranes due to excessive amount of reduced hemoglobin in the blood
Cyanosis
flat end piece of the stethoscope for high-pitched sounds
Diaphragm (of the stethoscope)
the heart's filling phase
Diastole
swelling of legs or dependent body part due to increased interstitial fluid
Edema
traditional auscultatory area in the 3rd left intercostal space
Erb's point
occurs with closure of the atrioventricular valves signaling the beginning of systole
First heart sound (S1)
technique of moving the stethoscope incrementally across the precordium through the auscultatory areas while listening to the heart sounds
Inching
left atrioventricular valve separating the left atria and ventricle
Mitral valve
uncomfortable awareness of rapid or irregular heart rate
Palpitation
high-pitched scratchy extra cardiac sound heard when the precordium is inflamed
Pericardial friction rub
normal variation in S2 heard as two separate components during inspiration
Physiological splitting
area of the chest wall overlying the heart and great vessels
Precordium
right semilunar valve separating the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
Pulmonic valve
occurs with closure of the semilunar valves, aortic and pulmonic, and signals the end of systole and the beginning of diastole
Second Heart Sound (S2)
temporary loss of consciousness due to decreased cerebral blood flow (fainting), caused by ventricular asystole, pronounced bradycardia, or ventricular fibrillation
Syncope
the heart's pumping phase
Systole
rapid heart rate,
> 100 beats per minute in the adult
Tachycardia
palpable vibration on the chest wall accompanying severe heart murmur
Thrill
right atrioventricular valve separating the right atria and ventricle
Tricuspid valve
abdomen
Lapar/o
appendix
Appendic/o
cecum
Cec/o
abdomen (cavity)
celi/o
bile duct
Cholangi/o
gall,bile
Chol/e
colon
Col/o
bladder
Vesic/o
diaphragm
Diaphragmat/o
diverticulum
Diverticul/o
duodenum
Duoden/o
intestines
Enter/o
esophagus
Esophag/o
stomach
Gastr/o
liver
Hepat/o
hernia
Herni/o
ileum
Ili/o
jejunum
Jejun/o
stone, calculus
Lith/o
kidney
Ren/o
umbilicus
Omphal/o
pancreas
Pancreat/o
pelvis
Pelv/o
peritoneum
Peritone/o
ureter
Ureter/o
urethra
Urethro/o
urine
Ur/o
internal organs
Viscer/o
absence of normal opening
-atresia
cut into, incision
-otomy
artificial opening
-ostomy
digestion
-pepsia
eating, swallowing
-phagia
urine, urination
-uria
Abdomen/abdominal
Abd.
bowel movement
BM
bowel sounds
BS
costovertebral angle
CVA
gastrointestinal
GI
left lower quadrant
LLQ
left upper quadrant
LUQ
nausea and vomiting
N & V
right lower quadrant
RLQ
right upper quadrant
RUQ
defect or sac formed by dilation in artery wall
Aneurysm
loss of appetite for food
Anorexia
abnormal accumulation of serous fluid within the peritoneal cavity
Ascites
blowing, swooshing sound heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially obstructed
Bruit
first or proximal part of large intestine
Cecum
inflammation of the gallbladder
Cholecycystitis
lower border of rib margin formed by the medial edges of the 8th, 9th, 10th ribs
Costal margin
angle formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax, overlying the kidney
Costovertebral angle
difficulty swallowing
Dysphagia
name of abd. region between the costal margins
Epigastrium
abnormal enlargement of liver
Hepatomegaly
abnormal protrusion of bowel through weakening in abd. musculature
Hernia
ligament extending from pubic bone to anterior superior iliac spine, forming lower border of abd.
Inguinal ligament
abnormal enlargement of internal organ(s)
Organomegaly
complete absence of peristaltic movement that may follow abd. surgery or complete bowel obstruction
Paralytic ileus
inflammation of the peritoneum
Peritonitis
abnormally sunken abd. wall as with malnutrition or underweight
Scaphoid

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