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Glossary of Exploring Medical Language Chapter 5E medical terms

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adenoiditis
inflammation of the adenoids
atelectasis
incomplete expansion (of the lung of a newborn or collapsed lung)
bronchiectasis
dilation of the bronchi
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma
cancerous tumor originating in the bronchus
bronchopneumonia
diseased state of the bronchi and lungs
diaphragmatocele
hernia of the diaphragm
epidlottitis
inflammation of the epiglottis
hemothorax
blood in the chest (pleural space)
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)
inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi (the acute from is called croup)
lobar pneumonia
pertainign to the lobe(s); diseased state of the lung (infection of one or more lobes of the lung)
nasopharyngitis
inflammation of the nose and pharynx
pansinusitis
inflammation of all sinuses
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura (also called pleuracy)
pnematocele
hernia of the lung (lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest)
pneumoconiosis
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
pneumonia
diseased state of the lung (the infection and inflammation are caused by bacteria such as pneumococcus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, and haemophilus; viruses and fungi)
pneumonitis
inflammation of the lung
pneumothorax
air in the chest (pleural space), whihc causes collapse of the lung
pulmonary neoplasm
pertainign to (in) the ling, new growth (tumor)
pyothorax
pus in the chest (pleural space) (also called empyema)
rhinitis
inflammation of the (mucous membranes) nose
rhinomycosis
abnormal condition of fungus in the nose
rhinorrhagia
rapid flow of blood from the nose (also called epistaxis)
thoracalgia
pain in the chest
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
tracheitis
inflammation of the trachea
tracheostenosis
narrowing of the trachea

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