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Glossary of Exploring Medical Language Chapter 2

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aden/o
gland
cyt/o
cell
epitheli/o
epithelium
fibr/o
fiber
hist/o
tissue
kary/o
nucleus
lip/o
fat
my/o
muscle
neur/o
nerve
organ/o
organ
sarc/o
flesh, connective tissue
system/o
system
viscer/o
internal organs
cancer/o
cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
carcin/o
cancer (a disease characterized by the unregulated, abnormal growth of new cells)
eti/o
cause (of disease)
gno/o
knowledge
iatr/o
physician, medicine (also measn treatment)
lei/o
smooth
onc/o
tumor, mass
path/o
disease
rhabd/o
rod-shapped, striated
somat/o
body
chlor/o
green
chrom/o
color
cyan/o
blue
erythr/o
red
leuk/o
white
melan/o
black
xanth/o
yellow
dia-
through, complete
dys-
painful, abnormal, difficult, labored
hyper-
above, excessive
hypo-
below, incomplete, deficient
meta-
after, beyond, change
neo-
new
pro-
before
al
pertaining to
ic
pertaining to
ous
pertaining to
cyte
cell
gen
substance or agent that produces or causes
genesis
origin, cause
genic
producing, originating, causeing
logist
one who studies and treats (specialist, physician)
logy
study of
oid
resembling
oma
tumor, swelling
osis
abnormal condition (means increase when used with blood cell word roots)
pathy
disease
plasia
condition of formation, development, growth
plasm
growth, substance, formation
sarcoma
tumor composed of connective tissue (such as bone or cartilage) (highly malignant)
sis
state of
stasis
control, stop, standing
adenocarcinoma
cancerous tumor composed of glandular tissue
adenoma
tumor composed of glandular tissue
carcinoma (Ca)
cancerous tumor (malignant)
chloroma
tumor of green color (malignant, arising from myeloid tissue)
epithelioma
tumor composed of epithelium
fibroma
tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
fibrosarcoma
malignant tumor composed of fiber (fibrous tissue)
leiomyoma
tumor of smooth muscle
leiomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of smooth muscle
lipoma
tumor composed of fat
liposarcoma
malignant tumor composed of fat
melanocarcinoma
cancerous black tumor (malignant)
melanoma
black tumor (primarily of the skin)
myoma
tumor composed of muscle
neoplasm
new growth (of abnormal tissue or tumor)
neuroma
tumor composed of nerve
rhabdomyoma
tumor of striated muscle
rhabdomyosarcoma
malignant tumor of straiated muscle
benign
not malignant, favorable for recovery
carcinoma in situ
cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
chemotherapy (chemo)
treatment of cancer with drugs
encapsulated
enclosed in a capsul, as with bengn tumors
exacerbation
increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms
idiopathic
pertaining to disease of unknown origin
inflammation
response to injury or destruciton of tissue characterized by redness, swelling, heat, and pain
in vitro
within a glass, observable within a test tube
in vivo
within the living body
malignant
tending to become progressively worse and to cause death, as in cancer
radiation therapy (RXT)
treatment of cancer with a radioactive substance, x-ray, or radiation (also called radiation oncology adn radiotherapy)
remission
improvment or absence of signs of disease
cancerous
pertaining to cancer
carcinogen
substance that causes cancer
carcinogenic
producing cancer
cyanosis
abnormal condition of blue (bluish discoloration of the skin caused by inadequate supply of oxygen in the blood)
cytogenic
producing cells
cytoid
resembling a cell
cytology
study of cells
cytoplasm
cell substance
diagnosis (Dx)
state of complete knowledge (identifying a disease)
dysplasia
abnormal development
epithelial
pertaining to epithelium
erythrocyte (RBC)
red (blood) cell
erythrocyteosis
iincrease in the number of (red) blood cells
etiology
study of causes (of diseases)
histology
study of tissue
hyperplasia
excessive development (number of cells)
hypoplasia
incomplete development (of an organ or tissues)
iatrogenic
produced by a physician (the unexpected results from a treatment perscribed by a physician)
iatrology
study of medicine
karyocyte
cell with a nucleus
leukocyte
white (blood) cell
leukocytosis
increase in the numebr of (white) blood cells
lipoid
resembling fat
metastasis (pl. metastases) (mets)
beyond control (transfer of disease from one organ to another, as in the transfer of malignant tumors)
myopathy
disease of the muscle
neopathy
new disease
neuroid
resembling a nerve
oncongenic
causing tumors
oncologist
a physician who studies and treats tumors
oncology
study of tumors (a branch of medicine concerned with the study of malignant tumors)
pathogenic
producing disease
pathologist
a physician who studies diseases (examines biopsies and preforms autopsoes to determine the cause of disease or death)
pathology
study of disease ( a brance of medicine dealing with the study of the causes of disease and death)
prognosis (Px)
state of before knowledge (prediction of the outcome of disease)
somatic
pertaining to the body
somatogenic
originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychologic)
somatopathy
disease of the body
somatoplasm
body substance
systemic
pertaining to a (body) system (or the body as a whole)
visceral
pertaining to the internal organs
xanthochromic
pertaining to yellow color
xanthosis
abnormal condition of yellow (discoloration)
Ca
carcinoma
chemo
chemotherapy
Dx
diagnosis
mets
metastasis
Px
prognosis
RBC
red (blood) cell
RXT
Radiation therapy
WBC
white (blood) cell

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