Glossary of European History Chapter 7, Section 4 Test
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- What belief makes communism different from socialism in general?
a) absolute monarchy is evil
b) laissez-faire economics is the only to improve society
c) class struggle between employers and employees is unavoidable
d) God is d
- c) class struggle between employers and employees is unavoidable
- What was the general principle behind laissez-faire economics?
a) the govt keeps strict control of the economy
b) the govt doesn't interfere with the economy
c) the govt is strict with the economy in some places, and lenient in other
- b) the govt doesn't interfere with the economy
- What did David Ricardo mean by "the iron law of wages"?
a) the govt should keep strict control over all wages
b) the more iron is smelted, the more wages increase
c) high wages mean more childres, but more children means lo
- c) high wages mean more childres, but more children means lower future wages
- Who wrote The Communist Manifesto?
a) Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
b) Thomas Malthus and Adam Smith
c) Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin
d) Robert Owen and Jeremy Bentham
- a) Karl Marx and Frederick Engels
- Which of these philosophies did Adam Smith believe?
a) the goal of society should be the greatest happiness for the greatest number of its citizens
b) the entire course of history is a struggle between classes
c) when there is no dif
- d) the free market will produce more goods at lower prices, making them more affordable
- What is the definition of "means of production"?
a) the movement of people to cities
b) all of the business that produce and distribute goods
c) the cruel way factory owners treated children
d) the lowest of the low wo
- b) all of the business that produce and distribute goods
- What is another name for a person in the working class?
- d) proletariat
Just for kicks:
prolegomenon - preliminary remarks before a book
prognathous - having jaws that jut forward
prognosticate - to tell the future
- What was Robert Owen's famous experiment with labor to improve character in workers?
a) he created a model of ways to make bigger factories
b) he created a model village where he treated workers very well
c) he thought up a way to re
- b) he created a model village where he treated workers very well
- What was Karl Marx's rallying cry to working people?
a) "Working men of all countries, unite!"
b) "A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of communism."
c) "Every man will seek the good of all."
- a) "Working men of all countries, unite!"
- How did Thomas Malthus believe people could overcome the population boom?
a) eat less
b) reform working conditions
c) embrace communism
d) there is no solution
- d) there is no solution
- What were the names of people who thought that if there was no difference between rich and poor, fighting would end?
- b) Utopians
- Describe the views of thinker Thomas Malthus.
- people are having babies faster than they are growing food, so eventually there won't be enough food and there's nothing we can do about it
- How might the rise of Methodism and workplace reforms alter Marxist predictions?
- people are content where they are, and they don't feel they need to have a revolution. better conditions means they don't need to revolt to get better conditions
- Contrast the approaches of utilitarians and socialists to solving economic problems.
- utilitarians - thought individual freedom would lead to people's happiness socialists - thought focusing on the good of society, not individual freedom, would lead to happiness
- How did John Stuart Mill think the problems with society should be solved?
- He wanted the govt to step in to help the poor. He thought letting people go without regulations in the free market would hurt the weaker people. He also advocated giving the vote to women and workers.
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