Glossary of European History Chapter 10, Section 2

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enormous steel and weapons maker for the entire world
house of Krupp
a business tycoon who built up a factory to have 50,000 workers
August Thyssen
Bismarck's nickname
Iron Chancellor
a word meaning "battle for civilization"; Bismarck's attempt to get Catholics to put allegiance to the state over the Church
state programs to help certain groups of people
social welfare
How did Germany become an industrial giant in the late 1800s?
They had great conditions for building industry: lots of natural resources, and a huge, dedicated work force. They also used scientific advances to help build industry.
Why did Bismarck try to crush the Catholic Church and socialists?
He thought their loyalty to the Pope and the Church would hurt the German state, because it could prevent the strong nationalism he wanted.
What policies did William II introduce?
He introduced many social reforms, including social welfare and public schools. He also gave the German military tons of money.
Why do you think supporters of democratic govt couldn't succeed in Germany in the late 1800s?
The foundation of Germany's govt was based on Bismarck's dominance and Realpolitik ideas, Bismarck made sure that people who didn't support him weren't welcome in Germany.
Were Bismarck's methods justified by his social reforms?
You could say that yes, they were: in order to achieve the unity it was looking for, Germany needed a dominant leader like Bismarck who was willing to do anything for unification. On the other hand, many of Bismarck's plans to crush opposition were met with resistance, so his legacy looks a bit like a tyrant. Those who oppose Bismarck would have said that social reform could have happened without his iron rule, as it did in England.

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