Glossary of European History Chapter 10, Section 1

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An economic move Germany made that erased tariffs between German states
The man who brought German unity
Otto von Bismarck
Man who became the kaiser of the Second Reich
William I
Another name for prime minister
"Realistic politics" based on needs of the state
To take control of
Another name for emperor
Another name for empire
What kind of changes did German unity come from?
Napoleon's defeat, Zollverein economics, Bismarck's hunger for power, and Prussia fighting in three wars including defeating France
Describe the techniques Bismarck used to unify the German states.
- Realpolitik (politics based on the needs of the state)
- strengthening the army
- took out Austria's control over German states
- beat up on Napoleon III and France
How did the emperor and his chancellor retain power in the new German govt?
They chose the members of the upper house, the Bundesrat, who had ultimate veto power in decisions
Identify three examples of Bismarck's use of Realpolitik.
1. He strengthened his army with funds collected for other purposes because the legislature wouldn't give him the money he needed.
2. He allied with Austria to take over two Danish provinces, then turned on them to seize Austrian lands.
3. He doctored the "Ems dispatch" so it looked like William I had insulted the French, enticing Napoleon III to declare war.
How did Bismarck's nationalism differ from that embraced by liberals in the early 1800s?
Earlier people thought of nationalism more locally, considering only their immediate regional states. Bismarck's nationalism covered all German-speaking peoples.

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