Glossary of English Literary Terms Irani 10H Midterm

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`having to do with concepts or qualities that cannot be directly seen or touched, such as love, justice, beauty, liberty
***a story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities
the repetition of the same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together
`reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or some other branch of culture
a comparison made between two things to show how they are alike
a brief story told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something
the opponent who struggles against the hero or protagonist in a story
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent
the people to whom a writer's words are directed
an account of the writer's own life
a song or poem that tells a story
an account of someone's life written by another person
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
the natrual rhythmic rise and fall of a language as it is normally spoken
a pause or break within a line of poetry
static character
a character who does not change much in the course of a story
dynamic character
a character who changes in some important way as a result of the story's action
***flat character
***a one-dimensional character who has only one or two personality traits
round character
a multi-dimensional character who is complex, just as real people are
a word or phrase that has become lifeless because of overuse
that point in a plot that creates the greatest intensity, suspense, or interest
expressions that are generally appropriate for conversation and informal writing, but not for formal writing or professional settings
having to do with objects or qualities that can be perceived by the senses
the struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story
the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase in addition to its strict dictionary definition
the repetition of the same or similar final consonant sounds on accented syllables or in important words
two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry
the basic dictionary meaning of a word without any of its associated meanings
a way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain social group or of the inhabitants of a certain geographical area
the conclusion or unraveling of a story
a speaker or writer's choice of words
a poem of mourning
a long narrative poem which recounts the deeds of a heroic character
a more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept
that part of a plot in which the reader is given important background information on the characters, their problems, and the setting
a short story told in prose or petry (usually using animals as characters) that teaches a practical lesson about life
figure of speech
a device used to produce figurative language, often comparing dissimilar things (ex: apostrophe hyperbole, irony, metaphor, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, and understatement)
a scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events ina story to depict something that happened at an earlier time
a metrical unit of poetry
the use of hints and clues ot suggest what will happen later in a plot
free verse
poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme
a figure of speech that uses an incredible exaggeration or overstatement for effect
a metrical foot in poetry that has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable, as in protect
iambic pentameter
a line of poetry that contains five iambic feet
the use of language to evoke a picture of a person, a thing, a place, or an experience****
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line or consecutive lines of poetry
the reversal of the normal word order in a sentence or phrase
a discrepancy between appearances and reality
dramatic irony
a character in the play or story thinks one thing is true, but the audience or reader knows better
situational irony
when there is a discrepancy between what is expect to happen and what really does happen
verbal irony
when someone says one thng but really means something else
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things without the use of words such as "like" or "as"
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
the prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a word
a lyric poem on a seirous subject written in dignified language
formation of a word by imitating the sound associated with the thing designated as in "buzz" "hum" "cuckoo" "slap" or "splash"
a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase
a relatively short story that teaches a moral or lesson about how to lead a good life
a statement that appears self-contradictory, but that reveals a kind of truth
parallel structure / parallelism
the repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures
to state the meaning of a passage in one's own words
a work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer's style
a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, attitudes, or characteristics
presenting the words or ideas of someone else as if they were your own
the series of related events in a story or play
point of view
the vantage point from which the writer tells the story
first person
one of the characters tells the story using first-person pronouns such as "i" or "we"
***third-person limited
***an unknown narrator tells the story, but this narrator zooms in to focus on the thougths and feelings of only one character using third-person pronouns such as "he" "she" and "they"
third-person objective
a narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story with no comment on any characters or events using third-person pronouns suh as "he" "she" and "they"
third-person omniscient
an all-knowing narrator tells the story using third-person pronouns such as "he" "she" and "they"
fiction and nonfiction written in ordinary language and resembling everyday speech
the cetnral character in a story, the one who initiates or drives the action
a writer's reason for writing
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated for effect several times in a poem
a conclusion of a story, when all or most of the conflicts have been settled.
rhetorical question
a question asked for an effect, and not actually requiring an answer
the repetition of vowel sounds in accented syllables and all succeeding syllables
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem commonly indicated with letters of the alphabet
a rise and fall produced by the alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables in language
language whihc is bitter and caustic meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something
a type of writing that ridicules the shortcomings of people or institutions in an attempt to bring about a change
the time and location in which a story takes place
a figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two unlike things using words such as "like" "as" "than" or "resembles"
a fixed idea or conception of a character or an idea which does not allow for any individuality, often based on religious, social, or racial prejudices
stream of consciousness
a style of writing that portrays the inner, often chaotic, workings of a character's mind
the distinctive way in which a writer uses language
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and that also stands for something more than itself
the insight about human life that is revealed in a literary work
the attitude a writer takes toward the subject of a work, the characters in it, or the audience

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